"Karmayoga does not mean ceaseless pursuit of karma. It truly consists in the Yoga orientation and discipline given to the buddhi and the mind. Constant preservation and application of Yogabuddhi while doing any work, alone makes one a Karmayogin."

The Guiding force of Narayanashrama Tapovanam & Center for Inner Resources Development

Swami Bhoomananda Tirtha

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Essential Shlokas for Memorization

 

Bhagavad Gita is a historic narration. It is a dialogue between an enlightened intelligence and a deluded mind. The more you read BHAGAVAD GITA, the more it will enrich and empower you. Make it a CLOSE and INTIMATE friend.

 Poojya Swami Bhoomananda Tirtha

Why should we memorize verses?

When we take a verse by heart, it becomes a part of us. It is in our stock, as Swamiji often says. It comes to us wherever we need it. We can think about it, ruminate on it, and most importantly, let it guide us as we move along this journey. Listen to this Prabhatarashmih (transcript) where Swamiji exhorts us to memorize verses for deeper introspection.

Read Ma Gurupriya Ji's letter to know more about how to make these shlokas your faithful companions throughout life. The translation of each shloka has been taken from the book 'Insights into Bhagavad Gita'. Detailed explanation of each shloka is from the book 'Essential Concepts in Bhagavad Gita'.

In Kurukshetra with Krishna
ECBG-Set

 

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   5.03
Index to shlokas (click on the shloka number to go directly to the listing)
BG Chapter 1 Verse    1.1
 BG Chapter 2

Verses  2.7  2.8  2.11  2.12  2.13  2.14  2.15  2.16  2.17  2.20  2.23  2.24  2.28  2.30  2.38  2.40  2.41  2.48  2.50

             2.53  2.54  2.55  2.56  2.57   2.70   2.71   2.72

 BG Chapter 3   Verses  3.03  3.05  3.07  3.09  3.16  3.19  3.25  3.28   3.34  3.40    3.42  3.43 
 BG Chapter 4 Verses  4.01  4.02  4.03  4.05  4.06  4.07  4.08  4.10   4.11   4.12   4.16  4.18   4.19   4.20   4.21   4.22   4.23   4.24   4.33   4.34   4.36   4.37   4.38   4.39   4.41
 BG Chapter 5 Verses  5.03 5.08 5.14  5.15  5.21  5.23
BG Chapter 6  Verses. 6.01  6.05  6.06  6.09  6.22  6.25  6.32  6.34  6.40  6.46
BG Chapter 7  Verses. 7.03  7.07  7.12  7.13  7.16  7.17  7.27
BG Chapter 8  Verses. 8.07  8.11  8.16  8.28
BG Chapter 9  Verses. 9.02  9.04  9.05  9.22  9.26  9.27  9.30  9.31  9.34
BG Chapter 10  Verses. 10.01

 

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Chapter 1

 

धृतराष्ट्र उवाच ।
धर्मक्षेत्रे कुरुक्षेत्रे समवेता युयुत्सव: । ।
मामका: पाण्डवाश्चैव किमकुर्वत सञ्जय ।। १.१ ।।

dhṛtrāṣṭra-uvāca ।
dharmakṣetre kurukṣetre samavetā yuyutsava: ।
māmakā: pāṇḍavāścaiva kimakurvata sañjaya ।। 1.1 ।।

King Dhritarashtra said: O Sanjaya, having assembled in Kurukshetra, an abode of austerity and righteousness, what did my sons and those of Pandu, ambitious as they were to fight, do?

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Chapter 2

कार्पण्यदोषोपहतस्वभावः पृच्छामि त्वां धर्मसम्मूढचेताः ।
यच्छ्रेयः स्यान्निश्चितं ब्रूहि तन्मे शिष्यस्तेऽहं शाधि मां त्वां प्रपन्नम् ।। २.७ ।।

kārpaṇya-doshopahata-svabhāvaḥ pṛcchāmi tvāṃ dharma-sammūḍha-cetāḥ ।
yaccreyaḥ syān-niścitam brūhi tan-me śiṣyas-te'haṃ śādhi māṃ tvāṃ prapannam ।। 2.7।।

Overpowered by narrow-mindedness, deluded I am in adjudging the right path of dharma. So, I beseech you to tell me decisively what will fetch lasting good. I am your disciple. Instruct me, who has taken refuge under you, my Teacher.
 
 

 

न हि प्रपश्यामि ममापनुद्याद् यच्छोकमुच्छोषणमिन्द्रियाणाम् ।
अवाप्य भूमावसपत्नमृद्धं राज्यं सुराणामपि चाधिपत्यम् ।। २.८ ।।

na hi prapaśyāmi mamāpanudyād yat-shokam-ucchoṣaṇam-indriyāṇāṁ ।
avāpya bhūmāu-asapatna-ṛddham rājyaṁ surāṇām-api ca-adhipatyam ।। 2.8।।

I do not see anything to redress the sorrow scorching my senses. Gaining a prosperous and unrivalled kingship on earth or lordship over gods above, will be of no avail to me.

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श्रीभगवानुवाच
अशोच्यानन्वशोचस्त्वं प्रज्ञावादांश्च भाषसे ।
गतासूनगतासूंश्च नानुशोचन्ति पण्डिताः ।। २-११ ।।

Śri Bhagavān uvāca ।
aśocyān-anvaśocas-tvaṁ prajñā-vādāṁśca bhāṣase ।
gatāsūn-agatāsūṅsca nānuśocanti paṇditāḥ ।। 2.11 ।।

Lord Krishna said: You are grieving for those who should not be grieved for at all, yet you speak words of wisdom. The spiritually wise grieve not for the living or the dead!

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न त्वेवाहं जातु नासं न त्वं नेमे जनाधिपाः ।
न चैव न भविष्यामः सर्वे वयमतः परम् ।। २-१२ ।।

na tv-evāhaṁ jātu nāsaṁ na tvaṁ neme janādhipāḥ ।
na caiva na bhaviṣyāmaḥ sarve vayam-ataḥ param ।। 2.12 ।।

There was no time when I was not, you were not, or these kings were not. Nor shall all of us ever cease to be.

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देहिनोऽस्मिन्यथा देहे कौमारं यौवनं जरा ।
तथा देहान्तरप्राप्तिर्धीरस्तत्र न मुह्यति ।। २-१३ ।।

dehino’smin yathā dehe kaumāraṁ yauvanaṁ jarā ।
tathā dehāntara-prāptir-dhīras-tatra na muhyati ।।  2.13 ।।

Just as the one dwelling in the body undergoes childhood, youth and old age, so too is the transition from the body. The wise one is not deluded about it.

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मात्रास्पर्शास्तु कौन्तेय शीतोष्णसुखदुःखदाः ।
आगमापायिनोऽनित्यास्तांस्तितिक्षस्व भारत ।। २-१४ ।।

mātrā-sparśās-tu kaunteya śītoṣṇa-sukha-duḥkha-dāḥ ।
āgamāpāyino’nityās-tāṁs-titikṣasva bhārata ।। 2.14 ।।

Contacts between the senses and their objects, O son of Kunti, produce sukha- duḥkhas (joy and sorrow), like cold and heat. O Bharata, they come and go, hence are transitory. You must forbear them.

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यं हि न व्यथयन्त्येते पुरुषं पुरुषर्षभ ।
समदुःखसुखं धीरं सोऽमृतत्वाय कल्पते ।। २-१५ ।।

yaṃ hi na vyathayanty-ete puruṣaṃ puruṣarṣabha ।
sama-duḥkha-sukhaṃ dhīraṃ so'mṛtatvāya kalpate ।। 2.15 ।।

Whoever is not tormented by these, O Purusharshabha (Arjuna), that wise human, equanimous in sukha-du:khas, is fit for immortality, liberation.

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नासतो विद्यते भावो नाभावो विद्यते सतः ।
उभयोरपि दृष्टोन्तस्त्वनयोस्तत्त्वदर्शिभिः ।। २-१६ ।।

nāsato vidyate bhāvo nābhāvo vidyate sata: ।
ubhayor-api dṛṣṭo’ntastvanayos-tattva-darśibhi: ।। 2.16 ।।

The ‘unreal’ has no expression. The ‘real’ will never cease to be. By experts in the knowledge of Truth, the difference between the two (the Real and the Unreal) has clearly been ascertained.

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अविनाशि तु तद्विद्धि येन सर्वमिदं ततम् ।

विनाशमव्ययस्यास्य न कश्चित् कर्तुमर्हति ।। २-१७ ।।

avināśi tu tad-viddhi yena sarvam-idaḿ tatam ।
vināśam-avyayasyāsya na kaścit kartum-arhati ।। 2.17 ।।

Know that, by which all this is permeated, to be indestructible, imperishable. None will be able to destroy this permeating presence.

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न जायते म्रियते वा कदाचित्नायं भूत्वा भविता वा न भूयः ।

अजो नित्यः शाश्वतोऽयं पुराणो न हन्यते हन्यमाने शरीरे ।। २-२० ।।

na jāyate mriyate vā kadācit- nāyaṁ bhūtvā bhavitā vā na bhūyaḥ ।
ajo nityaḥ śāśvato’yaṃ purāṇo na hanyate hanyamāne śarīre ।। 2.20 ।।

Know that, by which all this is permeated, to be indestructible, imperishable. None will be able to destroy this permeating presence.

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नैनं छिन्दन्ति शस्त्राणि नैनं दहति पावकः ।

न चैनं क्लेदयन्त्यापो न शोषयति मारुतः ।। २-२३ ।।

nainaṁ chindanti śastrāṇi nainaṁ dahati pāvakaḥ ।
na cainaṁ kledayanty-āpo na śoṣayati mārutaḥ ।। 2.23 ।।

Weapons do not pierce the indwelling Soul, nor does fire burn It. Neither water wets It, nor wind dries It.

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अच्छेद्योऽयमदाह्योऽयमक्लेद्योऽशोष्य एव च ।

नित्यः सर्वगतः स्थाणुरचलोऽयं सनातनः।। २-२४ ।।

acchedyo’yam-adāhyo’yam-akledyo’śoṣya eva ca ।
nitya: sarva-gata: sthāṇur-acalo’yaṃ sanātana: ।। 2.24 ।।

This Soul cannot be cut, burnt, wetted or dried. This is eternal, everywhere present, unshakeable, unmoving and ever prevailing.

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अव्यक्तादीनि भूतानि व्यक्तमध्यानि भारत ।

अव्यक्तनिधनान्येव तत्र का परिदेवना ।। २-२८ ।।

avyaktādīni bhūtāni vyakta-madhyāni bhārata ।
avyakta-nidhanāny-eva tatra kā paridevanā ।। 2.28 ।।

The beginning of all beings is indistinct. Their end too is unknown. The middle state, namely the duration called life, is alone distinct. This being so, what is the point in grieving?

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देही नित्यमवध्योऽयं देहे सर्वस्य भारत ।

तस्मात्सर्वाणि भूतानि न त्वं शोचितुमर्हसि ।। २-३० ।।

dehī nityam-avadhyo’yaṁ dehe sarvasya bhārata ।
tasmāt-sarvāṇi bhūtāni na tvaṁ śocitum-arhasi ।। 2.30 ।।

In the body of all, the indwelling Self is ever indestructible. Hence you must not grieve over any being.

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सुखदुःखे समे कृत्वा लाभालाभौ जयाजयौ ।

ततो युद्धाय युज्यस्व नैवं पापमवाप्स्यसि ।। २-३८ ।।

sukha-duḥkhe same kṛtvā lābhālābhau jayājayau ।
tato yuddhāya yujyasva naivaṁ pāpam-avāpsyasi ।। 2.38 ।।

Evenize your mind towards sukha and duḥkha, gain and loss, victory and defeat, and then engage in war. Thus you will not incur sin.

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नेहाभिक्रमनाशोऽस्ति प्रत्यवायो न विद्यते ।

स्वल्पमप्यस्य धर्मस्य त्रायते महतो भयात् ।। २-४० ।।

nehābhikrama-nāśo’sti pratyavāyo na vidyate ।
svalpam-apy-asya dharmasya trāyate mahato bhayāt ।। 2.40 ।।

In this yoga path, there is no loss of effort, nor any adverse outcome. Even a small measure of this yogic pursuit will save one from mighty fear.

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व्यवसायात्मिका बुद्धिरेकेह कुरुनन्दन ।

बहुशाखा ह्यनन्ताश्च बुद्धयोऽव्यवसायिनाम् ।। २-४१ ।।

vyavasāyātmikā buddhir-ekeha kurunandana ।
bahu-śākhā hy-anantāś-ca buddhayo’vyavasāyinām ।। 2.41 ।।

In this (Yoga path) there is but one factor—resoluteness of intelligence, O Arjuna (O son of Kurus). Comprehensions of the un-resolute are multi-branched and endless.

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योगस्थः कुरु कर्माणि सङ्गं त्यक्त्वा धनञ्जय ।

सिद्ध्यसिद्ध्योः समो भूत्वा समत्वं योग उच्यते ।। २-४८ ।।

yoga-stha: kuru karmāṇi saṅgaṃ tyaktvā dhanañjaya ।
siddhy-asiddhyo: samo bhūtvā samatvaṃ yoga ucyate ।। 2.48 ।।

Do all your acts, but remaining established in Yoga, leaving the usual delusional clinging, O Dhananjaya. Preserve an even attitude to fruition and non-fruition of whatever you do. Such evenness is defined as Yoga.

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बुद्धियुक्तो जहातीह उभे सुकृतदुष्कृते ।

तस्माद्योगाय युज्यस्व योगः कर्मसु कौशलम् ।। २-५० ।।

buddhi-yukto jahātīha ubhe sukṛta-duṣkṛte ।
tasmād-yogāya yujyasva yoga: karmasu kauśalam ।। 2.50 ।।

One with intelligence attuned to Yoga outlives both virtue and vice, here in this world. Therefore, dedicate yourself to Yoga. Yoga is verily dexterity in performing all kinds of actions.

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श्रुतिविप्रतिपन्ना ते यदा स्थास्यति निश्चला ।

समाधावचला बुद्धिस्तदा योगमवाप्स्यसि ॥२-५३ ।।

śruti-vipratipannā te yadā sthāsyati niścalā ।
samādhāv-acalā buddhis- tadā yogam-avāpsyasi ॥2.53 ।।

When your intelligence, flung by the conflicting views of scriptures, becomes steady and stable within, then will you attain yoga, the spiritual communion.

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अर्जुन उवाच -
स्थितप्रज्ञस्य का भाषा समाधिस्थस्य केशव ।
स्थितधी: किं प्रभाषेत किमासीत व्रजेत किम् ॥ २-५४ ।।

Arjuna uvāca –
sthita-prajñasya kā bhāṣā samādhi-sthasya keśava ।

sthita-dhīḥ kiṁ prabhāṣeta kim-āsīta vrajeta kim ॥2.54 ।।

Arjuna said: How will you, O Keshava, describe the one of stable consciousness (Sthita-prajña) absorbed in meditation? What does the one with stable intelligence (Sthita-dhee) speak? How does he rest? And how does he interact with the world?

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श्रीभगवानुवाच -
प्रजहाति यदा कामान् सर्वान् पार्थ मनोगतान् ।
आत्मन्येवात्मना तुष्ट: स्थितप्रज्ञस्तदोच्यते ॥ २-५५ ।।

śrī-bhagavān uvāca –
prajahāti yadā kāmān sarvān pārtha manogatān ।

ātmany-evātmanā tuṣṭaḥ sthita-prajñas-tadocyate ॥ 2.55 ।।

Lord Krishna said: O Partha, when one relinquishes all desires engendered by the mind and, rejoices by himself in his own Self, he is said to be a sthita-prajna, one with steady consciousness.

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दुःखेष्वनुद्विग्नमनाः सुखेषु विगतस्पृहः ।
वीतरागभयक्रोधः स्थितधीर्मुनिरुच्यते ॥ २-५६ ।।

du:kheṣv-anudvigna-manā: sukheṣu vigata-spṛha: ।
vīta-rāga-bhaya-krodha: sthita-dhīr-munir-ucyate ॥ 2.56 ।।

With the mind not smitten by duhkhas, fostering no desire for Sukhas, he who rises above attraction, fear and anger is a sthita-dhee. He is verily a Muni, one given devoutly to rumination.

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य़: सर्वत्रानभिस्नेहस्तत्तत्प्राप्य शुभाशुभम् ।
नाभिनन्दति न द्वेष्टि तस्य प्रज्ञा प्रतिष्ठिता ॥ २-५७ ।।

ya: sarvatrānabhisnehas-tat-tat-prāpya śubhāśubham ।
nābhinandati na dveṣṭi tasya prajñā pratiṣṭhitā ।। 2.57 ।।

He who transcends his constricted fondness, and does not unduly compliment or condemn whatever auspicious or inauspicious meets him, his consciousness is stable and steady.

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आपूर्यमाणमचलप्रतिष्ठं समुद्रमाप: प्रविशन्ति यद्वत् ।
तद्वत्कामा यं प्रविशन्ति सर्वे स शान्तिमाप्नोति न कामकामी ॥ २-७० ।।

āpūryamāṇam-acala-pratiṣṭhaṁ samudram-āpaḥ praviśanti yadvat ।
tadvat-kāmā yaṁ praviśanti sarve sa śāntim-āpnoti na kāma-kāmī ।। 2.70 ।।

As the ocean in which waters (of rivers) enter filling it to the brim remains unmoved, likewise the one into whom enter all experiences (unsought and causing no agitation), attains peace, not the one running after objects of desire.

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विहाय कामान्य: सर्वान्पूमांश्चरति नि:स्पृह: ।
निर्ममो निरहङ्कार: स शान्तिमधिगच्छति ॥ २-७१ ।।

vihāya kāmānya: sarvān-pumāṁś-carati ni:spṛha: ।
nirmamo nirahaṅkāra: sa śāntim-adhigacchati ।। 2.71 ।।

He who, leaving all desires, lives and moves freed from all cravings, possessiveness and ego, attains peace.

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एषा ब्राह्मी स्थिति: पार्थ नैनां प्राप्य विमुह्यति ।
स्थित्वास्यामन्तकालेऽपि ब्रह्मनिर्वाणमृच्छति ॥ २-७२ ।।

eṣā brāhmī sthitiḥ pārtha naināṁ prāpya vimuhyati ।
sthitvāsyām-antakāle ’pi brahma-nirvāṇam-ṛcchati ।। 2.72 ।।

This is indeed, O Partha, the state of abidance in Brahman, the supreme Reality. Attaining this, one no more gets deluded. Even if one gains it at the end of his life, he attains redemption by uniting with Brahman.

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Chapter 3

 

श्रीभगवानुवाच ।
लोकेऽस्मिन् द्विविधा निष्ठा पुरा प्रोक्ता मयानघ ।
ज्ञानयोगेन साङ्ख्यनां कर्मयोगेन योगिनाम् ॥ ३-३ ।।

śrī bhagavān-uvāca
loke’smin dvi-vidhā niṣṭhā purā proktā mayānagha ।

jnāna-yogena sāṅkhyānām karma-yogena yoginām ।। 3.3 ।।

Lord Krishna said: O Sinless Arjuna! Right in the beginning, had been enunciated by Me the two-fold pursuit, nishtha (for gaining supreme felicity, Sreyas). For the knowledge-oriented saankhya seekers, it is Jnana Yoga, and for the yogis it is Karma-yoga.

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न हि कश्चित्क्षणमपि जातु तिष्ठत्यकर्मकृत् ।
कार्यते ह्यवश: कर्म सर्व: प्रकृतिजैर्गुणै: ॥ ३-५ ।।

na hi kaścit-kṣaṇam-api jātu tiṣṭhaty-akarmakṛt ।
kāryate hy-avaśa: karma sarva: prakṛtijair-guṇai: ।। 3.5 ।।

None indeed ever remains inactive even for a second. All are irresistibly compelled to be active by dint of Nature’s qualities, guṇas.

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यस्त्विन्द्रियाणि मनसा नियम्यारभतेऽर्जुन ।
कर्मेन्द्रियै: कर्मयोगमसक्त: स विशिष्यते ॥ ३-७ ।।

yas-tvindriyāṇi manasā niyamyārabhate’rjuna ।
karmendriyai: karma-yogam-asakta: sa viśiṣyate ॥ 3.7 ।।

He who, regulating the sense-organs with the mind, without any delusional clinging, begins Karma-yoga with his organs of action, verily excels, O Arjuna.

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यज्ञार्थात्कर्मणोऽन्यत्र लोकोऽयं कर्मबन्धनः ।
तदर्थं कर्म कौन्तेय मुक्तसङ्गः समाचर ॥ ३-९ ।।

yajñārthāt-karmaṇo’nyatra loko’yaṃ karma-bandhana: ।
tad-arthaṃ karma kaunteya mukta-saṅga: samācara ॥ 3.9 ।।

This world is firmly bound by actions done as other than Yajña. Therefore, (to make everything Yajña),O son of Kunti (Arjuna), act for the sake of the Supreme, without delusional clinging.

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एवं प्रवर्तितं चक्रं नानुवर्तयतीह यः ।
अघायुरिन्द्रियारामो मोघं पार्थ स जीवति ॥ ३-१६ ।।

evaṃ pravartitaṃ cakraṃ nānuvartayatīha yaḥ ।
aghāyur-indriyārāmo moghaṁ pārtha sa jīvati ॥ 3.16 ।।

In this world, whoever does not conform to the “Wheel of Creation” revolving thus, is a mere sensory indulger. His is a sinful life. And he lives in vain.

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तस्मादसक्तः सततं कार्यं कर्म समाचर ।
असक्तो ह्याचरन्कर्म परमाप्नोति पूरुषः ॥ ३-१९ ।।

tasmād-asakta: satataṃ kāryaṃ karma samācara ।
asakto hy-ācaran-karma paramāpnoti pūruṣaḥ ॥ 3.19 ।।

Therefore, keeping away from delusional clinging, do well whatever comes to be done, at all times. He who acts without delusional clinging attains the Supreme.

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सक्ताः कर्मण्यविद्वांसो यथा कुर्वन्ति भारत ।
कुर्याद्विद्वांस्तथासक्तश्चिकीर्षुर्लोकसङ्ग्रहम् ॥ ३-२५ ।।

saktā: karmaṇy-avidvāṃso yathā kurvanti bhārata ।
kuryād-vidvāṃs-tathāsaktaś- cikīrṣur-lokasaṅgraham ॥ 3.25 ।।

O Bhārata, the manner in which the ignorant with delusion and attachment take to their actions, should the wise one also perform his actions, but without delusional clinging, aiming at the well-being of the world.

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तत्त्ववित्तु महाबाहो गुणकर्मविभागयोः ।
गुणा गुणेषु वर्तन्त इति मत्वा न सज्जते॥ ३-२८ ।।

tattvavit-tu mahābāho guṇa-karma-vibhāgayoḥ ।
guṇā guṇeṣu vartanta iti matvā na sajjate ॥ 3.28 ।।

One who knows the truth about guṇas (of Nature) and Karma (activity), perceives that prakṛti’s guṇas (in the form of senses) are mingling with guṇas (in the form of world objects), and consequently he does not court any delusional clinging (saṅga), O Mighty-armed Arjuna.

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इन्द्रियस्येन्द्रियस्यार्थे रागद्वेषौ व्यवस्थितौ ।
तयोर्न वशमागच्छेत्तौ ह्यस्य परिपन्थिनौ ॥ ३-३४ ।।

indriyasyendriyasyārthe rāga-dveṣau vyavasthitau ।
tayor-na vaśam-āgacchet-tau hy-asya paripanthinau ॥ 3.34 ।।

For each sense organ, attraction and repulsion towards its objects are natural. Do not come under their sway. They are one’s stark enemies.

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इन्द्रियाणि मनो बुद्धिरस्याधिष्ठानमुच्यते ।
एतैर्विमोहयत्येष ज्ञानमावृत्य देहिनम् ॥ ३-४० ।।

indriyāṇi mano buddhir-asyādhiṣṭhānam-ucyate ।
etair-vimohayaty-eṣa jñānam-āvṛtya dehinam ॥ 3.40 ।।

The senses, mind and intelligence are the seat of desire. Through these, it deludes the embodied soul, by veiling wisdom.

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इन्द्रियाणि पराण्याहुरिन्द्रियेभ्य: परं मन: ।
मनसस्तु परा बुद्धिर्यो बुद्धे: परतस्तु स: ।। ३-४२ ।।

indriyāṇi parāṇy-āhur-indriyebhya: paraṃ mana: ।
manasas-tu parā buddhir-yo buddhe: paratastu sa: ।। 3.42 ।।

Senses are superior to the objects around. Mind reigns above the senses. And intelligence is still superior. But the Soul (which the ‘I’ denotes, the real identity of man) is still loftier.

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एवं बुद्धे: परं बुद्ध्वा संस्तभ्यात्मानमात्मना ।
जहि शत्रुं महाबाहो कामरूपं दुरासदम् ।। ३-४३ ।।

evaṃ buddhe: paraṃ buddhvā saṃstabhyātmānam-ātmanā ।
jahi śatruṃ mahābāho kāma-rūpaṃ durāsadam ।। 3.43 ।।

Knowing thus what reigns within the body as superior to even intelligence, confidently regulating the senses and mind by your own inner power, win over, O mighty-armed, the enemy, in the form of desire, hard to conquer.

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Chapter 4

 

श्रीभगवानुवाच
इमं विवस्वते योगं प्रोक्तवानहमव्ययम् ।
विवस्वान्मनवे प्राह मनुरिक्ष्वाकवेऽब्रवीत् ।। ४-०१ ।।

śri bhagavān uvāca
imaṃ vivasvate yogaṃ proktavān-aham-avyayam ।

vivasvān manave prāha manur ikṣvakave'bravit ।। 4.01 ।।

Lord Krishna said: I first imparted this imperishable spiritual science (yoga) to Vivasvan. Vivasvan told Manu about it; and Manu spoke to Ikshvaku.

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एवं परम्पराप्राप्तमिमं राजर्षयो विदु: ।
स कालेनेह महता योगो नष्ट: परन्तप ।। ४-०२ ।।

evaṃ paramparā-prāptam-imaṃ rājaṛṣayo vidu: ।
sa kāleneha mahatā yogo naṣṭa: parantapa ।। 4.01 ।।

This yoga (spiritual science), handed down thus through the Guru-¿ishya lineage, was possessed well by the Knower kings (Rajarshis). But by passage of inexorable time, it has got lost, O scorcher of enemies.

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स एवायं मया तेऽद्य योगः प्रोक्तः पुरातनः ।
भक्तोऽसि मे सखा चेति रहस्यं ह्येतदुत्तमम्।। ४-०३ ।।

sa evāyaṃ mayā te'dya yoga: prokta: purātana: ।
bhakto'si me sakhā ceti rahasyaṃ hy-etad-uttamam ।। 4.03 ।।

That most ancient spiritual science itself has been divulged to you by me, today. You are devoted to me; you are also my friend; hence, I felt like revealing to you this most beneficial secret.

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श्रीभगवानुवाच ।
बहूनि मे व्यतीतानि जन्मानि तव चार्जुन ।
तान्यहं वेद सर्वाणि न त्वं वेत्थ परन्तप ।। ४-०५ ।।

Śri Bhagavān uvāca
bahūni me vyatītāni janmāni tava ca-Arjuna ।

tāny-ahaṁ veda sarvāṇi na tvaṁ vettha paraṅtapa ।। 4.05 ।।

Lord Krishna said: Many births have been for me, so too for you, O Arjuna. All those I know well, but, O Scorcher of foes, alas, you do not.

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अजोऽपि सन्नव्ययात्मा भूतानामीश्र्वरोऽपि सन्‌ ।
प्रकृतिं स्वामधिष्ठाय सम्भवाम्यात्ममायया ।। ४-०६ ।।

ajo'pi sann-avyay'ātmā bhūtānām īśvaro'pi san ।
prakṛtiṃ svām-adhiṣṭhāya sambhavāmy-ātma-māyayā ।। 4.06 ।।

Although I am unborn, of indestructible nature, the Lord of all beings, by dint of my inscrutable power, wielding my own Nature, I get born again and again.

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यदा यदा हि धर्मस्य ग्लानिर्भवति भारत ।
अभ्युत्थानमधर्मस्य तदात्मानं सृजाम्यहम् ।। ४-०७ ।।

yadā yadā hi dharmasya glānir bhavati bhārata ।
abhyutthānam-adharmasya tadātmānaṃ sṛjāmy-aham ।। 4.07 ।।

Whenever, O Bharata (Arjuna), righteousness declines and unrighteousness grows, I manifest specially.

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परित्राणाय साधूनां विनाशाय च दुष्कृताम् ।
धर्मसंस्थापनार्थाय सम्भवामि युगे युगे ।। ४-०८ ।।

paritrāṇāya sādhūnāṃ vināśāya ca duṣkṛtām ।
dharma-saṃsthāpanārthāya sambhavāmi yuge yuge ।। 4.08 ।।

For protection of the benevolent and eradication of the wicked, to establish righteousness, I manifest time and again.

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वीतरागभयक्रोधा मन्मया मामुपाश्रिता: ।
बहवो ज्ञानतपसा पूता मद्भावमागता: ।। ४-१० ।।

vīta-rāga-bhaya-krodhā man-mayā mām-upāśritā: ।
bahavo jñāna-tapasā pūtā mad-bhāvam-āgatā: ।। 4.10 ।।

Transcending passion, fear and anger, reflecting constantly upon Me, taking refuge in Me, many have become like Me getting purified by knowledge-austerity.

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ये यथा मां प्रपद्यन्ते तांस्तथैव भजाम्यहम् ।
मम वर्त्मानुवर्तन्ते मनुष्या: पार्थ सर्वश:।। ४-११ ।।

ye yathā māṃ prapadyante tāṃs-tathaiva bhajāmy-aham ।
mama vartmānuvartante manuṣyā: pārtha sarvaśa: ।। 4.11 ।।

As men seek Me, O Partha, so do I grace them with My favour. All humans are following My path only in every way.

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काङ्क्षन्त: कर्मणां सिद्धिं यजन्त इह देवता: ।
क्षिप्रं हि मानुषे लोके सिद्धिर्भवति कर्मजा ।। ४-१२ ।।

kāṅkṣantaḥ karmaṇāṃ siddhiṃ yajanta iha devatā: ।
kṣipraṃ hi mānuṣe loke siddhir-bhavati karmajā ।। 4.12 ।।

People worship various deities, aspiring the rewards of rituals. In the human world, fruition of such piecemeal worship is easily had.

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किं कर्म किमकर्मेति कवयोऽप्यत्र मोहिता: ।
तत्ते कर्म प्रवक्ष्यामि यज्ज्ञात्वा मोक्ष्यसेऽशुभात् ।। ४-१६ ।।

kiṁ karma kim-akarmeti kavayo'pyatra mohitāḥ ।
tat-te karma pravakṣyāmi yaj-jñātvā mokṣyase-aśubhāt ।। 4.16 ।।

People worship various deities, aspiring the rewards of rituals. In the human world, fruition of such piecemeal worship is easily had.

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कर्मण्यकर्म य: पश्येदकर्मणि च कर्म य: ।
स बुद्धिमान् मनुष्येषु स युक्त: कृत्स्नकर्मकृत् ।। ४-१८ ।।

karmaṇy-akarma ya: paśyed-akarmaṇi ca karma ya: ।
sa buddhimān manuṣyeṣu sa yukta: kṛtsna-karma-kṛt ।। 4.18 ।।

Whoever sees inaction or actionless-ness in action, and activity in inaction, is verily wise among men. He indeed is spiritually integrated. He is verily the all-doer, all-performer.

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यस्य सर्वे समारम्भा: कामसङ्कल्पवर्जिता: ।
ज्ञानाग्निदग्धकर्माणं तमाहु: पण्डितं बुधा: ।। ४-१९ ।।

yasya sarve samārambhā: kāma-saṅkalpa-varjitā: ।
jñānāgni-dagdha-karmāṇaṃ tam-āhu: paṇditaṃ budhā: ।। 4.19 ।।

Knowledgeable people call him Wise or Enlightened, whose all undertakings are freed of desire and imagination. His all actions are burnt by the fire of wisdom.

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त्यक्त्वा कर्मफलासङ्गं नित्यतृप्तो निराश्रयः ।
कर्मण्यभिप्रवृत्तोऽपि नैव किञ्चित्करोति सः ।। ४-२० ।।

tyaktvā karmaphalāsaṅgaṃ nitya-tṛpto nirāśraya: ।
karmaṇy-abhipravṛtto’pi naiva kiñcit-karoti sa: ।। 4.20 ।।

Leaving the delusional clinging to the results of Karma, ever content, free of expectation, even if one engages in activities, verily does not do anything; he remains a non-doer.

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निराशीर्यतचित्तात्मा त्यक्तसर्वपरिग्रह: ।
शारीरं केवलं कर्म कुर्वन्नाप्नोति किल्बिषम् ।। ४-२१ ।।

nirāśīr-yata-cittātmā tyakta-sarva-parigraha: ।
śārīraṃ kevalaṃ karma kurvann-āpnoti kilbiṣam ।। 4.21 ।।

Bereft of desires, with sufficient restraint over mind and senses, eschewing all kinds of gifts or gains, doing only bodily (physical) activities, one will not incur sin at all.

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यदृच्छालाभसन्तुष्टो द्वन्द्वातीतो विमत्सर: ।
सम: सिद्धावसिद्धौ च कृत्वापि न निबध्यते ।। ४-२२ ।।

yadṛcchālābha-santuṣṭo dvandvātīto vimatsara: ।
sama: siddhāvasiddhau ca kṛtvāpi na nibadhyate ।। 4.22 ।।

Content with whatever chance brings, rising above pairs of opposites, free of jealousy, equal in success and failure, one does not get bound by whatever he does.

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गतसङ्गस्य मुक्तस्य ज्ञानावस्थितचेतस: ।
यज्ञायाचरत: कर्म समग्रं प्रविलीयते ।। ४-२३ ।।

gata-saṅgasya muktasya jñānāvasthita-cetasa: ।
yajñāyācarata: karma samagraṃ pravilīyate ।। 4.23 ।।

Outliving delusional clinging, feeling liberated, mind fixed firmly on the Truth, whatever work is done with yajµa attitude gets dissolved together with its result.

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ब्रह्मार्पणं ब्रह्म हविर्ब्रह्माग्नौ ब्रह्मणा हुतम् ।
ब्रह्मैव तेन गन्तव्यं ब्रह्मकर्मसमाधिना ।। ४-२४ ।।

brahmārpaṇaṃ brahma-havir-brahmāgnau brahmaṇā hutam ।
brahmaiva tena gantavyaṃ brahma-karma-samādhinā ।। 4.24 ।।

The act of offering is Brahman, the cooked rice offered is Brahman, the fire altar is Brahman, and the offerer too is Brahman. Brahman alone is to be attained by the mind as all activities get merged in Brahman.

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श्रेयान्द्रव्यमयाद्यज्ञाज्ज्ञानयज्ञ: परन्तप ।
सर्वं कर्माखिलं पार्थ ज्ञाने परिसमाप्यते ।। ४-३३ ।।

śreyān-dravya-mayād-yajñāj-jñāna-yajña: parantapa ।
sarvaṃ karmākhilaṃ pārtha jñāne parisamāpyate ।। 4.33 ।।

Jñāna-yajña, the sacrifice done through wisdom, is superior to the one in which materials are offered. All activities, O Partha, have their culmination in wisdom alone.

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तद्विद्धि प्रणिपातेन परिप्रश्नेन सेवया ।
उपदेक्ष्यन्ति ते ज्ञानं ज्ञानिनस्तत्त्वदर्शिन: ।। ४-३४ ।।

tad viddhi praṇipātena paripraśnena sevayā ।
upadekṣyanti te jñānaṃ jñāninas-tattva-darśina: ।। 4.34 ।।

To gain that knowledge, go to the Knowers, who have the right vision of Truth; prostrate before them, inquire with humility, serve them fondly. They will instruct true knowledge to you.

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अपि चेदसि पापेभ्य: सर्वेभ्य: पापकृत्तम: ।
सर्वं ज्ञानप्लवेनैव वृजिनं सन्तरिष्यसि ।। ४-३६ ।।

api ced-asi pāpebhya: sarvebhya: pāpa-kṛttama: ।
sarvaṃ jñāna-plavenaiva vṛjinaṃ santariṣyasi ।। 4.36 ।।

Even if you are the most sinful of all sinners, by the raft of knowledge alone you will cross the entire sea of sin.

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यथैधांसि समिद्धोऽग्निर्भस्मसात्कुरुतेऽर्जुन ।
ज्ञानाग्नि: सर्वकर्माणि भस्मसात्कुरुते तथा ।। ४-३७ ।।

yathaidhāṃsi samiddho'gnir-
bhasmasāt-kurute'rjuna ।

jñānāgni: sarva-karmāṇi
bhasmasāt-kurute tathā ।। 4.37 ।।

O Arjuna, just as blazing fire reduces all the firewood into ash, the fire of knowledge burns off all Karmas into mere ash.

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न हि ज्ञानेन सदृशं पवित्रमिह विद्यते ।
तत्स्वयं योगसंसिद्ध: कालेनात्मनि विन्दति ।। ४-३८ ।।

na hi jñānena sadṛśaṃ
pavitram-iha vidyate ।

tat-svayaṃ yoga-saṃsiddha:
kālenātmani vindati ।। 4.38 ।।

There is nothing in this world so purifying as jñāna. In due course of time, one will automatically attain it in himself, by dint of the maturity and fruition of yoga pursuit.

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श्रद्धावाॅंल्लभते ज्ञानं तत्पर: संयतेन्द्रिय: ।
ज्ञानं लब्ध्वा परां शान्तिमचिरेणाधिगच्छति ।। ४-३९ ।।

śraddhāvām̐l-labhate jñānaṃ
tat-para: saṃyatendriya: ।

jñānaṃ labdhvā parāṃ śāntim-
acireṇādhigacchati ।। 4.39 ।।

One imbued with interest in Brahman, with senses under control and assiduously attentive, begets knowledge. After gaining knowledge, he attains supreme peace before long.

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योगसंन्यस्तकर्माणं ज्ञानसंछिन्नसंशयम्‌ ।
आत्मवन्तं न कर्माणि निबध्नन्ति धनञ्जय ।। ४-४१ ।।

yoga-sannyasta-karmāṇaṃ
jñāna-sañchinna-saṃśayam‌ ।

ātmavantaṃ na karmāṇi
nibadhnanti dhanañjaya ।। 4.41 ।।

One, who has renounced all action through yoga, whose doubts are dispelled through spiritual wisdom, who is self-seated, O Dhananjaya, actions do not bind him.

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ज्ञेय: स नित्यसन्न्यासी यो न द्वेष्टि न काङ्‌क्षति ।
निर्द्वन्द्वो हि महाबाहो सुखं बन्धात्प्रमुच्यते ।। ५-०३ ।।

jñeya: sa nitya-sannyāsī
yo na dveṣṭi na kāṅkṣati ।
nirdvandvo hi mahābāho
sukhaṃ bandhāt-pramucyate ।। 5.03 ।।

He is to be known as a ‘constant renunciate’, who does not desire or hate. O mighty-armed, the one given to nirdvandvat¡ (freedom from dual responses) is indeed comfortably freed from bondage.

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नैव किञ्चित्करोमीति युक्तो मन्येत तत्त्ववित्‌ । पश्यञ्शृण्वन्स्पृशञ्जिघ्रन्नश्नन्गच्छन्स्वपञ्श्वसन्‌ ।। ५-०८ ।।
प्रलपन्विसृजन्गृह्णन्नुन्मिषन्निमिषन्नपि । इन्द्रियाणीन्द्रियार्थेषु वर्तन्त इति धारयन्‌ ।।५-०९।।

naiva kiñcitkaromīti yukto manyeta tattvavit‌ ।
paśyañ-śṛṇvan-spṛśañ-jighrann-aśnan-gacchan-svapañ-śvasan‌ ।। 5.08 ।।
pralapan-visṛjan-gṛhṇann-unmiṣan-nimiṣann-api ।
indriyāṇīndriyārtheṣu vartanta iti dhārayan‌ ।। 5.09 ।।

The Knower of Truth, who has achieved ‘yogic integration’, will think ‘I do nothing’ even while seeing and hearing, touching and smelling, eating and moving about, sleeping and breathing, speaking and answering the calls of nature, holding, opening and winking his eyes. He understands that in all these the senses alone interact with the sense-objects (and he at heart does nothing at all).

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न कर्तृत्वं न कर्माणि लोकस्य सृजति प्रभु: । न कर्मफलसंयोगं स्वभावस्तु प्रवर्तते ॥ ५-१४ ॥

na kartṛtvaṃ na karmāṇi lokasya sṛjati prabhu: ‌ ।
na karma-phala-saṃyogaṃ svabhāvas-tu pravartate ॥ 5.14 ।।

The Lord of the Universe does not forge any sense of doership or enjoin actions on anyone; nor again does He connect one with the results of his actions. What indeed acts and activates is one’s own nature, the qualities each possesses.

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नादत्ते कस्यचित्पापं न चैव सुकृतं विभु: । अज्ञानेनावृतं ज्ञानं तेन मुह्यन्ति जन्तव: ॥ ५-१५ ॥

nādatte kasyacit-pāpaṃ na caiva sukṛtaṃ vibhu:‌ ।
ajñānenāvṛtaṃ jñānaṃ tena muhyanti jantava: ॥ 5.15 ।।

The all-powerful Lord does not receive anyone’s sin or even virtue. True knowledge is covered by ignorance, and hence are beings deluded.

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बाह्यस्पर्शेष्वसक्तात्मा विन्दत्यात्मनि यत्सुखम् । स ब्रह्मयोगयुक्तात्मा सुखमक्षयमश्न‍ुते ॥५-२१ ॥

bāhya-sparśeṣv-asaktātmā
vindaty-ātmani yat-sukham ।
sa brahma-yoga-yuktātmā
sukham-akṣayam-aśnute ॥ 5.21 ।।

Whatever happiness one derives inwardly from the Self, by not clinging to and associating with the objects around, the same happiness in interminable measure he gets on identifying with Brahman (and gaining the resulting expanse).

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शक्न‍ोतीहैव य: सोढुं प्राक्शरीरविमोक्षणात् । कामक्रोधोद्भ‍वं वेगं स युक्त: स सुखी नर: ॥५-२३ ॥

śaknotīhaiva ya: soḍhuṃ
prāk-śarīra-vimokṣaṇāt ।
kāma-krodhodbhavaṃ vegaṃ
sa yukta: sa sukhī nara: ॥ 5.23 ।।

Whoever is able to withstand the urges of passion and anger before his body falls, is indeed the spiritually integrated and happy human.

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श्रीभगवानुवाच ।
अनाश्रित: कर्मफलं कार्यं कर्म करोति य: ।
स सन्न्यासी च योगी च न निरग्निर्न चाक्रिय: ॥ ६-०१ ॥

śrī bhagavān-uvāca ।
anāśrita: karma-phalaṃ
kāryaṃ karma karoti ya: ।
sa sannyāsī ca yogī ca
na niragnir-na cākriya: ॥ 6.01 ।।

Lord Krishna said: Whoever does whatever is needed from time to time, without depending on the mind’s sukha-duÅkha creations (karma-phala), verily is a sanny¡sin and yogi – not one abandoning rituals or activities.

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उद्धरेदात्मनात्मानं नात्मानमवसादयेत् ।
आत्मैव ह्यात्मनो बन्धुरात्मैव रिपुरात्मन: ॥ ६-०५ ॥

uddhared-ātmanātmānaṃ
nātmānam-avasādayet ।
ātmaiva hy-ātmano bandhur-
ātmaiva ripur-ātmana: ॥ 6.05 ।।

Elevate yourself by your own intrinsic power. Do not enervate or degrade yourself. One’s own self alone is, verily, one’s friend, and equally one’s enemy.

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बन्धुरात्मात्मनस्तस्य येनात्मैवात्मना जित: ।
अनात्मनस्तु शत्रुत्वे वर्तेतात्मैव शत्रुवत् ॥ ६-०६ ॥

bandhur-ātmātmanas-tasya
yenātmaivātmanā jita: ।
anātmanas-tu śatrutve
vartetātmaiva śatruvat ॥ 6.06 ।।

For one who has won over himself by his own effort itself, his self is a friend to him. But for one who lacks inner mastery, his very self will behave inimically towards him like an enemy.

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सुहृन्मित्रार्युदासीनमध्यस्थद्वेष्यबन्धुषु ।
साधुष्वपि च पापेषु समबुद्धिर्विशिष्यते ॥ ६-०९ ॥

suhṛn-mitra-ary-udāsīna-
madhyastha-dveṣya-bandhuṣu ।
sādhuṣv-api ca pāpeṣu
sama-buddhir-viśiṣyate ॥ 6.09 ।।

He who looks equally at benefactors, friends, enemies, neutrals, mediators, haters, relatives, the holy and the unholy (the saint and the sinner), verily excels.

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यं लब्ध्वा चापरं लाभं मन्यते नाधिकं तत: ।
यस्मिन्स्थितो न दु:खेन गुरुणापि विचाल्यते ॥ ६-२२ ॥

yaṃ labdhvā cāparaṃ lābhaṃ
manyate nādhikaṃ tata: ।
yasmin-sthito na du:khena
guruṇāpi vicālyate ॥ 6.22 ।।

Having gained which, one considers no other gain as superior to it; established in which, one is not perturbed by even the most severe affliction.

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शनै: शनैरुपरमेद्‌बुद्‌ध्या धृतिगृहीतया ।
आत्मसंस़्थं मन: कृत्वा न किञ्चिदपि चिन्तयेत् ॥ ६-२५ ॥

śanai: śanair-uparamed-
buddhyā dhṛti-gṛhītayā ।
ātma-saṃsthaṃ mana: kṛtvā
na kiñcid-api cintayet ॥ 6.25 ।।

Gradually and steadily with close attention, withdraw yourself by employing diligently the intelligence controlled by the will. Once the mind becomes self-ward and finally self-settled, do not think at all. (All thinking and willing must come to a stop.)

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आत्मौपम्येन सर्वत्र समं पश्यति योऽर्जुन |
सुखं वा यदि वा दु:खं स योगी परमो मत: ॥ ६-३२ ॥

ātmaupamyena sarvatra
samaṃ paśyati yo'rjuna ।
sukhaṃ vā yadi vā du:khaṃ
sa yogī paramo mata: ॥ 6.32 ।।

The Yogi, who perceives the same Self everywhere, whether it is a pleasant (sukha) or an unpleasant (duhkha) situation, is considered the best and highest, O Arjuna.

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चञ्चलं हि मन: कृष्ण प्रमाथि बलवद्दृढम् ।
तस्याहं निग्रहं मन्ये वायोरिव सुदुष्करम् ॥ ६-३४ ॥

cañcalaṃ hi mana: kṛṣṇa
pramāthi balavad-dṛḍham ।
tasyāhaṃ nigrahaṃ manye
vāyor-iva suduṣkaram ॥ 6.34 ।।

The mind, O Krishna, is given to swinging and swerving. It is turbulent, very powerful too. I think, to bring it under control or moderation is as difficult as restraining the wind.

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पार्थ नैवेह नामुत्र विनाशस्तस्य विद्यते ।
न हि कल्याणकृत्कश्चिद्दुर्गतिं तात गच्छति ॥ ६-४० ॥

śrī bhagavān-uvāca ।
pārtha naiveha nāmutra
vināśas-tasya vidyate ।
na hi kalyāṇa-kṛt-kaścid-
durgatiṃ tāta gacchati ॥ 6.40 ।।

Lord Krishna said: O Partha, neither here on earth nor in the higher worlds, can there be destruction for him. Dear son, one intending to do good (set on the auspicious path), will never meet an adverse plight. (Such is the spiritual law).

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तपस्विभ्योऽधिको योगी ज्ञानिभ्योऽपि मतोऽधिक:। कर्मिभ्यश्चाधिको योगी तस्माद्योगी भवार्जुन॥ ६-४६ ॥

tapasvibhyo'dhiko yogī
jñānibhyo'pi mato'dhika: ।
karmibhyaś-cādhiko yogī
tasmād-yogī bhavārjuna ॥ 6.46 ।।

A Yogi is superior to ascetics; he is considered to be even above Vedic scholars. He is superior also to the ritualists. Therefore, Arjuna, be a Yogi.

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मनुष्याणां सहस्रेषु कश्चिद्यतति सिद्धये ।
यततामपि सिद्धानां कश्चिन्मां वेत्ति तत्त्वत: ॥ ७-०३ ॥

manuṣyāṇāṃ sahasreṣu
kaścid-yatati siddhaye ।
yatatām-api siddhānāṃ
kaścin-māṃ vetti tattvata: ॥ 7.03 ।।

One in thousands takes up and pursues spiritual seeking. Amongst such striving seekers, very rare is the one who understands Me, the Supreme, in essence.

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मत्त: परतरं नान्यत्किञ्चिदस्ति धनञ्जय ।
मयि सर्वमिदं प्रोतं सूत्रे मणिगणा इव ॥ ७-०७ ॥

matta: parataraṃ nānyat-
kiñcid-asti dhanañjaya ।
mayi sarvam-idaṃ protaṃ
sūtre maṇigaṇā iva ॥ 7.07 ।।

There is nothing besides and superior to Me, O Dhananjaya (Arjuna). In Me, all this is interwoven, like beads in a thread.

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ये चैव सात्त्विका भावा राजसास्तामसाश्च ये ।
मत्त एवेति तान्विद्धि न त्वहं तेषु ते मयि ॥ ७-१२ ॥

ye caiva sāttvikā bhāvā
rājasās-tāmasāśca ye ।
matta eveti tān-viddhi
na tv-ahaṃ teṣu te mayi ॥ 7.12 ।।

Whatever features or expressions sattva (goodness and purity), rajas (activity and passion) or tamas (ignorance and inertia) arouse, know them all as having emerged from Me alone. However, I am not in them; they are in Me.

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त्रिभिर्गुणमयैर्भावैरेभि: सर्वमिदं जगत् ।
मोहितं नाभिजानाति मामेभ्य: परमव्ययम् ॥ ७-१३ ॥

tribhir-guṇamayair-bhāvair-
ebhi: sarvam-idaṃ jagat ।
mohitaṃ nābhijānāti
mām-ebhya: param-avyayaṃ ॥ 7.13 ।।

This whole world is deluded by the mystic potential and display of the three guṇas, and as a result, it does not know Me, the supreme Presence, which, transcending these guṇas, remains imperishable.

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चतुर्विधा भजन्ते मां जना: सुकृतिनोऽर्जुन ।
आर्तो जिज्ञासुरर्थार्थी ज्ञानी च भरतर्षभ ॥ ७-१६ ॥

catur-vidhā bhajante māṃ
janā: sukṛtino'rjuna ।
ārto jijñāsur-arthārthī
jnānī ca bharatarṣabha ॥ 7.16 ।।

Four kinds of virtuous people worship Me – the afflicted, the enquiring, the one yearning for some specific gain, and the Knower, O great amongst the Bharatas.

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तेषां ज्ञानी नित्ययुक्त एकभक्तिर्विशिष्यते ।
प्रियो हि ज्ञानिनोऽत्यर्थमहं स च मम प्रिय: ॥ ७-१७ ॥

teṣāṃ jñānī nitya-yukta
eka-bhaktir-viśiṣyate ।
priyo hi jñānino'tyartham-
ahaṃ sa ca mama priya: ॥ 7.17 ।।

Of these four, the Knower with his singular devotion is unbrokenly united with Me. He verily excels. For the Knower I am extremely dear, and he too is extremely dear to Me.

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इच्छाद्वेषसमुत्थेन द्वन्द्वमोहेन भारत ।
सर्वभूतानि सम्मोहं सर्गे यान्ति परन्तप ॥ ७-२७ ॥

Icchā-dveṣa-samutthena
dvandva-mohena bhārata ।
sarva-bhūtāni sammohaṃ
sarge yānti parantapa ॥ 7.27 ।।

All beings in the world, O Bhārata, O Parantapa, are, at the very time of birth, subjected to the delusion of duality arising from likes and dislikes.

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तस्मात्सर्वेषु कालेषु मामनुस्मर युध्य च । मय्यर्पितमनोबुद्धिर्मामेवैष्यस्यसंशयम् ॥ ८-०७ ॥

tasmāt-sarveṣu kāleṣu <
mām-anusmara yudhya ca ।
mayy-arpita-mano-buddhir-
mām-evaiṣyasy-asaṃśayam ॥ 8.07 ।।

Therefore, remember Me (the Supreme) all the time and fight. If the mind and intelligence are dedicatedly resting in Me, you will surely attain Me; No doubt.

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यदक्षरं वेदविदो वदन्ति विशन्ति यद्यतयो वीतरागा: ।
यदिच्छन्तो ब्रह्मचर्यं चरन्ति तत्ते पदं सङ्ग्रहेण प्रवक्ष्ये ॥ ८-११ ॥

yad-akṣaraṃ veda-vido vadanti
viśanti yad-yatayo vīta-rāgā: ।
yad-icchanto brahma-caryaṃ caranti
tat-te padaṃ saṅgraheṇa pravakṣye ॥ 8.11 ।।

I shall briefly tell you that state which Vedic Knowers hold as Indestructible, which ascetics transcending desires enter, and seeking which people observe life-long celibacy.

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आब्रह्मभुवनाल्लोका: पुनरावर्तिनोऽर्जुन । मामुपेत्य तु कौन्तेय पुनर्जन्म न विद्यते ॥ ८-१६ ॥

ābrahma-bhuvanāllokā:
punarāvartino'rjuna ।
mām-upetya tu kaunteya
punar-janma na vidyate ॥ 8.16 ।।

All the worlds, O Arjuna, from Brahma-loka downwards, are terminable and repetitive. (None of them has anything final or absolute to offer.) If, on the other hand, one gets to Me, he will no more have any re-birth. (It ensures absolute redemption.)

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वेदेषु यज्ञेषु तप:सु चैव दानेषु यत्पुण्यफलं प्रदिष्टम्‌ ।
अत्येति तत्सर्वमिदं विदित्वा योगी परं स्थानमुपैति चाद्यम्‌ ॥ ८-२८ ॥

vedeṣu yajñeṣu tapa:su caiva
dāneṣu yat-puṇya-phalaṃ pradiṣṭam ।
aty-eti tat-sarvam-idaṃ viditvā
yogī paraṃ sthānam-upaiti cādyam ॥8.16 ।।

Knowing the secret about this path of inner sovereign brilliance, the yogi outlives all the holy rewards and fruitions Vedas declare in the form of yajñas, austerities and dāna, and attains the supreme primordial Abode.

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राजविद्या राजगुह्यं पवित्रमिदमुत्तमम्‌ । प्रत्यक्षावगमं धर्म्यं सुसुखं कर्तुमव्ययम्‌ ॥ ९-०२ ॥

rāja-vidyā rāja-guhyaṃ
pavitram-idam-uttamam ।
pratyakṣāvagamaṃ dharmyaṃ
susukhaṃ kartum-avyayam ॥ 9.02 ।।

A kingly knowledge, a kingly secret, this is the best purifier, directly experiential, the very law of being, comfortable to practise and imperishable too.

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मया ततमिदं सर्वं जगदव्यक्तमूर्तिना ।
मत्स्थानि सर्वभूतानि न चाहं तेष्ववस्थित: ॥ ९-०४ ॥

mayā tatam-idaṃ sarvaṃ
jagad-avyakta-mūrtinā ।
mat-sthāni sarva-bhūtāni
na cāhaṃ teṣv-avasthita: ॥ 9.04 ।।

(Identifying himself with the Supreme, Krishna says:) This entire Universe is permeated by My unmanifest aspect. All beings inhere in Me, but I do not abide in them.

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न च मत्स्थानि भूतानि पश्य मे योगमैश्वरम्‌ ।
भूतभृन्न च भूतस्थो ममात्मा भूतभावन: ॥ ९-०५ ॥

na ca mat-sthāni bhūtāni
paśya me yogam-aiśvaram ।
bhūta-bhṛn-na ca bhūta-stho
mamātmā bhūta-bhāvana: ॥ 9.05 ।।

Lo, the beings verily do not abide in Me (the Supreme); see My Inscrutable Power. Though the Supreme creates and sustains the creation, It does not abide in it! (This is the wonder of the whole creational display.)

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अनन्याश्चिन्तयन्तो मां ये जना: पर्युपासते ।
तेषां नित्याभियुक्तानां योगक्षेमं वहाम्यहम् ॥ ९-२२ ॥

ananyāś-cintayanto māṃ
ye janā: paryupāsate ।
teṣāṃ nityābhiyuktānāṃ
yoga-kṣemaṃ vahāmy-aham ॥ 9.05 ।।

Those who worship Me (the Supreme) in and through everything, considering Me non-different from themselves, remaining ever connected with Me, for them I ensure Yoga (whatever they need for their progress and fulfilment) and Kshema (safety of external and internal possessions).

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पत्रं पुष्पं फलं तोयं यो मे भक्त्या प्रयच्छति ।
तदहं भक्त्युपहृतमश्नामि प्रयतात्मन: ॥ ९-२६ ॥

patraṃ puṣpaṃ phalaṃ toyaṃ
yo me bhaktyā prayacchati ।
tad-ahaṃ bhakty-upahṛtam-
aśnāmi prayatātmana: ॥ 9.26 ।।

Whoever offers to Me (the Supreme) a leaf, flower, fruit or even water, devotionally with a pure and disciplined mind, I consume (accept) that devotional offering with great relish.

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यत्करोषि यदश्नासि यज्जुहोषि ददासि यत् ।
यत्तपस्यसि काैन्तेय तत्कुरुष्व मदर्पणम् ॥ ९-२७ ॥

yat-karoṣi yad-aśnāsi
yaj-juhoṣi dadāsi yat ।
yat-tapasyasi kaunteya
tat-kuruṣva mad-arpaṇam ॥ 9.27 ।।

O Kaunteya, whatever you do, whatever you eat, whatever oblation you offer to fire, whatever you give as dāna or gift, whatever austerity you perform, make it all a wholesome offering to Me (the Supreme).

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अपि चेत्सुदुराचारो भजते मामनन्यभाक्‌ ।
साधुरेव स मन्तव्य: सम्यग्व्यवसितो हि स: ॥ ९-३० ॥

api cet-sudurācāro
bhajate mām-ananya-bhāk ।
sādhur-eva sa mantavya:
samyag-vyavasito hi sa: ॥ 9.30 ।।

Even if one given to extremely evil conduct, starts seeking Me (the Supreme) with one-pointed devotion, he, verily, has to be regarded as noble; for, he is indeed well resolved.

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क्षिप्रं भवति धर्मात्मा शश्वच्छान्तिं निगच्छति ।
काैन्तेय प्रतिजानीहि न मे भक्त: प्रणश्यति ॥ ९-३१ ॥

kṣipraṃ bhavati dharmātmā
śaśvacchāntiṃ nigacchati ।
kaunteya pratijānīhi
na me bhakta: praṇaśyati ॥ 9.31 ।।

Very soon he becomes a righteous soul, and gets lasting peace. O Arjuna, swear on My behalf that My devotee (one devoted to the Supreme) never perishes.

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मन्मना भव मद्भ‍क्तो मद्याजी मां नमस्कुरु ।
मामेवैष्यसि युक्त्वैवमात्मानं मत्परायण: ॥ ९-३४ ॥

man-manā bhava mad-bha‍kto
mad-yājī māṃ namaskuru ।
mām-evaiṣyasi yuktvaivam-
ātmānaṃ mat-parāyaṇa: ॥ 9.34 ।।

Fix the mind in Me (the Supreme), be My devotee, offer everything to Me, pay obeisance to Me. Getting integrated with Me like this, making Me the supreme refuge, you will attain Me alone.

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श्रीभगवानुवाच ।
भूय एव महाबाहो शृणु मे परमं वच: ।
यत्तेऽहं प्रीयमाणाय वक्ष्यामि हितकाम्यया ॥ १०-०१ ॥

bhūya eva mahābāho
śṛṇu me paramaṃ vaca: ।
yat-te'haṃ prīyamāṇāya
vakṣyāmi hita-kāmyayā ॥ 10.01 ।।

Lord Krishna said: Listen again, O Arjuna (Mahābāhu), my ultimate words. I tell you these, because I am fond of you and desirous of your welfare.

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