"Karmayoga does not mean ceaseless pursuit of karma. It truly consists in the Yoga orientation and discipline given to the buddhi and the mind. Constant preservation and application of Yogabuddhi while doing any work, alone makes one a Karmayogin."

The Guiding force of Narayanashrama Tapovanam & Center for Inner Resources Development

Swami Bhoomananda Tirtha

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Harih Om Tat Sat. Jai Guru. Jai Guru.

I have been discussing Bhagavad Gita, the second chapter, right from the eleventh verse onwards for a number of days now. We have come to the last portion, namely the Sthitaprajña Prakaraṇa of the second chapter. The chapter altogether consists of seventy-two verses and eighteen verses are devoted to the description of the Sthitaprajña and all the details allied to the Sthitaprajña and Sthitadhee. Towards the conclusion Krishna says, 

विहाय कामान्य: सर्वान्पुमांश्चरति निस्पृह: ।
निर्ममो निरहङ्कार: स शान्तिमधिगच्छति ॥ २.७१ ॥
vihāya kāmān-yaḥ sarvān-pumāṁś-carati niḥspṛhaḥ |
nirmamo nirahaṅkāraḥ sa śāntim-adhigacchati || 2.71 ||
(Bhagavad Gita 2.71)

All of you should know very well that spiritual wisdom and spiritual pursuit have only one focus. What is that? One's own mind. In order to focus ourselves on our mind and making it the way we want, the intelligence is used because that is the only tool which can act upon the mind. Krishna speaks words of wisdom using his intelligence. Arjuna, employing his own intelligence is receiving the words of wisdom. And the impact is meant to be generated in the mind. So he concludes the Sthitaprajña discussion by saying,

विहाय कामान्य: सर्वान्पुमांश्चरति निस्पृह: ।

The spiritual state is not just supposed to be one of absorption in meditation. Meditation and absorption are necessary no doubt, in order to understand one's own personality, its subtle complex nature, also the presence of the Self different from the body, matter and energy. One cannot always be sitting in meditation and absorption. In that case, the kārmic world will come to a stop. The entire universe is revolving like a wheel with activity of a smaller or a greater dimension. Within the atom, is the activity. The whole earth is revolving and going around the Sun. So activity is the very core and content of nature. We have to be active. Activity means interaction with the rest of the world. So our life is interactional. So spirituality also must be interactional sooner or later. Meditation, meditative absorption and the like are only to help this interactional sublimation and enrichment. So Krishna says विहाय कामान्य: सर्वान्पुमांश्चरति निस्पृह: ।

कामान् विहाय - leaving all the desires.
पुमान् - the human.
चरति नि:स्पृह: - when he lives and moves about.
नि:स्पृह: - without any kind of a hold by desire.

In other words, when the mind becomes desire-free, he finds a naturality, a natural sequence in everything. Early in the morning we get up, we wash our teeth, maybe we have our break fast, we have our bath, we start interacting with the environments, if you have a work front, you go there, you come back in the evening, you look after your body in the matter of cleaning it, feeding it, dressing, other times you interact with persons, places and events, all these are going on. But in doing so, he does not have any desire or the stronghold of desire.

निर्ममो निरहङ्कार: He does not have anything like a possessiveness about anything whatsoever including his own body. The body is possessed and preserved by the earth, by the air, by water and the like. We are not preserving the body. The lungs are breathing and you don't push and press the lungs every time. The heart is beating, you don't press it. They go on by themselves. It is by virtue of the biological make up of each organ that it functions in its own manner. The entire body is held by the gravity of the earth. So I don't think we possess our body. The body perhaps possesses us.

So निर्ममः - no possessiveness.

निरहङ्कार:- there is nothing to be claimed as “I have done, I will do, I am doing.” No, our eyes are seeing, ears are hearing, mind is thinking, intelligence is understanding, ego is asserting - all these are meant to do what they are doing. I don't think any one of them is under one's control. So, there is no ahaṅkāra also.  

निर्ममो निरहङ्कार: स शान्तिमधिगच्छति ॥

Such a person attains peace and beatitude. What does it mean? True spirituality is to make you functional and interactional but while being so, you have to be free from three factors - ahaṅkāra, mamata and desire. That ego-centric feeling about whatever you do, possessiveness which dominates in the mind, and desire, the craving to possess more, more and more, these are the three psycho-intellectual constraints that we are suffering from. When they are removed and set right, the mind become a beautiful serene flow. Good thoughts will well up in the mind. Good actions will follow. Good interactions also will follow. And everything will go on well, well and well. Now this is actually the liberated man; the sthitaprajña and the sthitadhee. Just imagine, you have to focus only on three factors. Setting right your ego, avoiding all cravings unnecessarily and take away the possessiveness which you unduly are having. If these three are looked after and eliminated and it is perfectly possible, then you become a Jeevanmukta, a Knower of Truth, a Sthitaprajña and a Sthitadhee. See how it is related to our interactional life.

Harih Om Tat Sat. Jai Guru. Jai Guru.

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