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Harih Om Tat Sat. Harih Om Tat Sat. Jai Guru. Jai Guru.
See, I have been as you know thinking repeatedly about how to bring about more and more of this austere sādhana or sādhana austerity in the minds and also in the pursuit of all of you. Yesterday while discussing the śraddhātraya-vibhāga-yoga, the seventeenth chapter of Bhagavad Gita, and particularly the very prolonged austerity of Sage Viśwāmitra until at last he became a Brahmarshi and Sage Vasishtha fostered friendship with him; I was referring to various descriptions in the Bhagavad Gita where this austerity is mentioned.
Whenever we think of Viśwāmitra, I have only heard people only say, Viśwāmitra was a sage, he did penance and when Menaka came, he fell in love with her, forgot everything and he had a child. I heard one exponent saying this. So the whole of Viśwāmitra’s life is given a thrust that he failed in his austerity. But was his life a failure in austerity or the super triumph that he had from austerity? So that part, nobody speaks about. This is how the best aspects of our scriptural narrations are completely forgotten and overridden by the mischievous and corrupt motivations of the people. They interpret our history in their own myopic vision.
It is true that Menaka came and interfered in his austerity because of the intention of Indra. Again, Rambha came whom he cursed. The result of both was Viśwāmitra came to know that how passion can put one into trouble and prejudice or hatred also can equally cause one’s destruction. Taking the lesson from both, he said, “I will never hate anybody. I will never speak a hateful word. I want to continue with my austerity.” Then he started travelling. He happened to go to Vasishtha’s Ashram and Vasishtha asked him to stay and hosted him; not only him, all his followers; a very sumptuous meal which was provided by Nandini, the Kāmadhenu Vasishthadev had. When he found that Nandini was the person who provided all the food etc. he instantly developed a passion to possess her. Nandini coolly and comfortably went near Vasishthadev indicating she would not go. There was a huge fight and Viśwāmitra was completely conquered; all his army was destroyed.
He again went and did austerity and came back to attack Vasishtha and party. Vasishthadeva with his Yoga daṇda faced all of them and everything was annihilated. Then he found the lesson, this yoga daṇda and tapas; that is most superior. “So I must also have this brahma-daṇda, brahmaṇya.” etc. He went on doing tapasya. He was pronounced a rishi, a maharshi, a rajarshi. He said, “No, I want to become a Brahmarshi.”, and then did penance, attained the status of Brahmarshi and said Vasishtha should acknowledge it. That also was done.
So what is the summary lesson of Sage Viśwāmitra’s life? Is this the Menaka and Rambha encounter? This is how all our śāstrās are misinterpreted and their perverted message is absorbed and made to be the ideal of our life.
Then I was picking up different verses from Bhagavad Gita to say what is the purpose of austerity. Austerity can be done for fulfilling your ambition, for fulfilling your hatred, anything. Parvati did penance to gain Parama Śiva. Pāṇini did the austerity to gain the clue for writing his grammar. Hiraṇyakaśipu did austerity to challenge and destroy Mahāvishṇu. All are austerities. Sri Krishna says, this austerity will become sāttvik only when there is no phalāpeksha there; there is no desire for any specific result.
Right from the beginning when I first went to Jamshedpur and people wanted to be initiated into Brahmavidya, Dr. Ponnupapa being the first person, I told them, “Those people who are initiated by me, I would like you to assemble one week a day, spend 1 hour or 1 ½ hours together. And I will give you a routine to be followed.” And I said, “Chant Gāyatri for at least twelve times and read a few verses, recite a few verses of Bhagavad Gita.” One was this verse,
Krishna says, “Many people worship me.” What is that worship? Manmayā māmupāśritāḥ. “The worship primarily consists of a total resignation towards me.” They must feel totally offered to God, resting on God’s feet or maybe lap, maybe shoulder, makes no difference. You should completely rest on him.
And then Manmayā. The worship becomes true and effective when your mind becomes God-mayā. What does it mean? God-laden. It is not that you do a formal pooja, a ceremonial pooja for half-an-hour, fifteen minutes or even more! But what should be done or what is important is in the worship your mind should become divine, spiritual and Godly. Let us be very clear - The purpose of austerity, the purpose of worship should be to become Godly. Manmayā māmupāśritāḥ.
What is the factor that prevents us from becoming manmayā, īśwara-mayā? Rāga, bhaya, krodha. Rāga – desire, bhaya - fear, krodha - hatred. Now these three are repeatedly confronting us through every occasion, opportunity, circumstances, through every place, person and event. So what should you do? You should become godly in your mind, godly in your action, making sure that this process of becoming godly, means what? To cross over, to float over rāga, dvesha and bhaya.
Throughout Bhagavad Gita you have many verses, but see what is this verse saying. There are many people who resort to jñāna tapas as a result of which they start resting in me, trusting in me, relying upon me and the reliance further grows into being godly throughout, godly throughout and strive and float over rāga, bhaya, krodha. This is called jñāna tapas. There is no flower, there is no water, there is no pudding, there is no external discipline. What you have to do is look into your mind and see that rāga, dvesha and bhaya are eliminated and there is no fight in your mind with them. Just like with a boat you will row even in a turbulent sea, you can do it. So the worship of God should be to become like God. That ‘becoming’, ‘to be like’ that should be the motto.
I have not thought of commemorating my Gurudev’s birthday or Mahāsamādhi day. Somehow it has not happened. When he was living, there is no question of Mahāsamādhi. After he left alone Mahāsamādhi comes. So far as birthday was concerned, I never enquired about his birthday or birth date. Now somebody wanted us to let them know whether we know. So Mā telephoned and found out that it is in 1918. But I know some instances which he told me about his life being that of Prahlāda, like that of Prahlāda. He was called in his village, many people called him “Here is Prahlāda, Prahlāda, Prahlāda”. So many anecdotes I know, and right from the beginning, he was to me a revelation of the knowledge and the livingness of the knowledge. So I have adopted knowingly and unknowingly many of his ways, many of the methods, and the assurance, the unchanging-ness. Many of the qualities which I found in him have normally percolated themselves to me. This I had done. Perhaps it tallies with what Krishna says. What is that?
So my effort was not a birthday celebration effort. Birthday is only once in a year. By celebrating the birthday, what do I get or why should it be necessary? Let me constantly remember and constantly be imbibing whatever he is, whatever he embodies, whatever he says, whatever he reveals. So that birthday did not stand out separately for me for adoration and he was living in my front, so I was adoring him, I was worshiping him. When in front I would prostrate before him as soon as I see and if I stayed for any day, early in the morning; then when we take leave we prostrate before him. Otherwise I was Bābāmaya. Bābāmaya. Manmayā means what - Rāga, dvesha, bhaya, krodha transcendence or sublimation.
So will you remember this - That to worship God is not to worship Him occasionally with flowers, water and nivedya, etc. Your worship should be mental in the heart and that worship should be to become Godly and by being Godly trying to be above rāga, dvesha and bhaya. Now this is not rare says Krishna, bahavaḥ - many people; jñāna-tapasā pūtā - purified by the knowledge austerity. Your austerity should become knowledge! Knowledge should act as an austerity for you. Remember, remember, rub your mind and heart with what you remember and know. And see that the mind is purified, made holy, holier. That inner process of purifying the mind, sublimating the mind, making the mind more and more serene and becoming God-mayā only for this. This is something I would like you to understand.
Harih Om Tat Sat. Jai Guru. Jai Guru.