A good devotee is one, about him nobody will hate, nobody will feel unpleasant. And the devotee also should not feel anything about the world as unpleasant. For the world to be, there must be a combination of good and bad, combination of virtue and vice, combination of heaven and hell. Otherwise there cannot be a world.
|Listen to Prabhaata-rashmih Audio|
Harih Om Tat Sat. Harih Om Tat Sat. Jai Guru. Jai Guru.
Yesterday for the Mukthisudhakaram, I was speaking on the 16th chapter. The chapter is given the name ‘Daivāsura-sampad-vibhāga-yogah’. Krishna is defining what is ‘Daiva Sampath’ and what is ‘Āsura Sampath’. The word ‘sampath’ has been used. They are in the way of resources, possessions, something that makes you strong, resourceful, capable etc. In these matters, there is a cardinal division. What is said to be a divine resource and what is said to be a destructive resource? And first of all, Sri Krishna speaks about the divine resources. His list is consisting of 26 items. I would like to put it as qualities and values.
Earlier he had spoken about sthita-prajna lakshanas. Later on, he has spoken about bhakta lakshanas. Bhakta lakshanas are 26. Then He had listed the lakshanas or features of bhakta. “Such a Bhakta is dear to me.” That consists of 35 qualities. As a comparison and an embellishment, I also went into Srimad Bhagavatam where Uddhava is asking about, “Who is said to be a Sādhu? What are the lakshanas which will make a sādhu? Please let us know’." ‘Kripaluh Akrtha-drohah’ . In this way he has mentioned, that is also 26 virtues. In the 13th chapter, he has described as jnana, 20 virtues. I was referring to all these, discussing also ‘Kripaluh Akrtha-drohah’ etc. Bhakta lakshanas also to some extent I was explaining.
I always say that Bhagavad Gita is an interactional sadhana, a secular one. In the 26 daiva sampath that He has listed, only five you can say, some kind of a divine or divine implication is there. Now, behavioral part consists of about eleven and interactional aspects consists of ten. So, out of the 26, 21 lakshanas relate to behavior of a person and interactions of him. What does it mean?
A Bhaktha is supposed to be a model and example. It is not enough if you start saying God, God, God, and you rely upon God and carry on. You can be a simple devotee. But even in the devotional life, there is a great and compulsive scope for becoming a good, noble, amiable, interactionally effective person.
A good devotee is one, about him nobody will hate, nobody will feel unpleasant. And the devotee also should not feel anything about the world as unpleasant. Perhaps mine is a solitary voice in this. For the world to be, there must be a combination of good and bad, combination of virtue and vice, combination of heaven and hell. Otherwise there cannot be a world. A motion is always associated with friction. So, this is the way of the world and in that world, you will certainly belong to one category. And so far as our life is concerned, we belong to the good category, the daiva sampath.
So, the Āsura Sampath is described for two reasons. You have to watch yourself and find out whether even the least trait of Āsura is there and then remove it. I am wondering, whether you are all really focused on understanding this concept as I say. How will you remove a mental trait? And how will you incorporate a mental trait? Have you thought about it? In the body, we undergo medical and pathological tests and supply sodium, potassium, calcium etc. In the same manner, what is the methodology by which you will put something into your mind and nourish it? You will take something away from the mind to nourish it. The way is only applying, applying the mind, applying the intelligence. How can the mind and intelligence be applied? By providing concepts, providing causes for introspection, engaging your intelligence.
Every quality that is mentioned is so beautifully defined in Sanskrit. We have got quite a few Sanskrit commentaries for Bhagavad Gita. I ask ‘X’ to go through that commentary, particularly ‘Venkatanadha Brahmananda Giriyam’, he is the one person who writes very well. And you know who told me about him? A young priest during my wandering life. He said “Swamiji, the best commentary is Venkatanadha Brahmananda Giriyam”. I had not heard about that commentary then nor did I have a copy of it. Gradually, all the Sanskrit commentaries came to me and I have read here and there, Venkatanadha’s. Shankara defines words well but Venkatanadha excels in it.
Now the manner in which they are defining, it is a marvel. That definition if you go through it, you will understand that very process of understanding the word which requires a lot of deliberation. Deliberation within yourself. This is called Tattva-manana. That will engage your mind and intelligence. That engagement is the pursuit, practice by which you cultivate qualities and eliminate qualities. There is no other way.
Suppose one person says “I have an inferiority complex.”, then we have to hold him in a discussion. “What do you mean by inferiority complex? How did you get it?”
“May be this is the cause, that is the cause.”, the person will say.
“You are referring to a cause that happened sometime back in life. Maybe this somebody ill-treated you. Somebody mocked at you. Somebody mocked at you many, many years back. And therefore, why should you have inferiority complex? Is it right for anybody to mock another person?”
When Ashtavakra stepped into the assembly of Janaka, the great erudite assembly laughed, Ashtavakra also laughed. Janaka, very intelligent as he was, he enquired. “My people laughed, I can understand because of your eight bends and the manner in which you are walking, it made them laugh. But why did you laugh?”
“I laughed because you are a great man and you have such an enlightened assembly. Inspite of their enlightenment, I was born with eight bends, when I came, rather than feeling a special attention for me, they mocked at me. Is it this kind of a poor assembly that you are seeking advice from? Thinking in that manner, I laughed.”, he said. And that one statement made Janaka seek the Supreme knowledge from him.
What for do you have your intelligence? If somebody mocked you, you will have inferiority? Either their mocking was, say they mocked at something, a quality which you have. If you have the quality, you have to acknowledge it. Whether they should have mocked at you or not, that is a different matter. Certainly to mock at another man is not human. It’s not edifying. So, they have done something wrong, have sympathy for them. Instead of developing sympathy and becoming great, why are you having inferiority complex?
Our mind, our intelligence, are so resourceful, that we can transform every negative situation into a positive input. This is the cleverness of spirituality.
लक्ष्मीः समाविशतु गच्छतु वा यथेष्टम् |
Let people blame me or fortune desert me. I will not move from my righteous path. If I am limping, crippled, I will move with that body. What can be done? What for are you having a good, healthy mind?
Sowhen I was reading all these virtues, I wanted to tell people that go through every word. Try to understand it. What is dhamba? What is dharpa? Why should anybody blame you? When Nutan Swamiji took up Sannyasa along with Mā, Swamiji had a doubt. “After Sannyasa, will it be right for being together?” I told them that “Why are you feeling so?” I announced about their Sannyasa in Jamshedpur, Delhi and perhaps other places. All of them welcomed it. We move with our people and all of them have nothing to say against it, it was good. They said, “So we are going only to these people? We are not going anywhere else? Where it will be not interesting or welcome, don’t go. This is all what is required to be done.” I said.
See, we must reinforce our psychology. If there are some defects, let us recognize it and make a provision for it. So, the study of these qualities, study of these qualities, going into the meaning, try to understand it, that very process is it’s cultivation or elimination. Who will eliminate it? Not your body but your mind. What will eliminate it, your intelligence. So, give the intelligence enough effort to understand it. Any inferiority complex, you give it to me. I will speak to you, discuss the subject, and then reinforce you to say, you drop it, there is nothing to be inferior about.
We will have some good qualities. Develop those qualities and give expression to them. Thinking that it is inferiority, all the other things.. Our moon dies one day. And our moon wanes for fourteen days. Inspite of it, the moon is moon and it is very pleasant for everybody. Unlike the sun, he is waxing and waning. How many days do we see the full moon? Once in 28 or 30 we see. And that full moon is remembered by us, not the waxing and the waning moon. In the same manner, we must be able to shine with the qualities we have. And we should not be subdued by the qualities which we do not have. Try to cultivate them to the extent it is possible. If it is not possible, say no.
I have been struggling to switch off my geyser switch. And you know what is the situation now? Invariably I do it. But there are some days when I miss. So, I have developed a system. I have put my chappals facing the bathroom. So, I will get out and then put on the chappals so that my eyes will strike the switch. Even then, sometimes when the mind is thinking fast, I forget. So, I have decided, in this matter, I can do only this much. But you should understand it has taken months of effort on my part to bring about a change and correction in the attitude.
So, I was wondering, people should read these things, try to understand, sit together if possible and do introspection. That is the way you penetrate into your inner structure. And then find the cause of it, cause of it and eliminate it. Discussion is very, very important. This is what is meant by what?
उपदेक्ष्यन्ति ते ज्ञानं ज्ञानिनस्तत्त्वदर्शिन: ||
upadekṣyanti te jñānaṁ jñāninas-tattva-darśinaḥ ||
Paripraśnena sevayā, that paripraśna is to get ourselves exposed and through exposure, eliminate whatever is possible in the form of bad qualities and incorporate whatever is necessary. So, the discussion is very, very important.
Harih Om Tat Sat. Jai Guru. Jai Guru.