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Harih Om Tat sat. Jai Guru.Jai Guru.
Throughout Bhagavad Gita you will find, it is a philosophy and categorization on the basis of the three qualitative constituents of nature. Chemistry will list a number of elements in this world. Physics will speak about a variety of forces. There are a certain number of colours, similarly qualities and sounds are there.
Spiritually and philosophically, we are speaking about only three qualities. These three qualities are named as Sāttvik, Rājasik and Tāmasik. I was wondering as to what would be the best translation for these words. The inferior, the intermediate and the superior. It is not a very good translation. However it gives some idea as to what is meant. The tāmasik one is the inferior one. In that you will find, the overriding factor is ignorance, delusion and lethargy, idleness. These are the factors which govern tāmasik quality.
Then we have the rājasik ones. In the rajas and rajo-guṇa you will find passion and prejudice are at work. Desire, possessiveness, greed, domination and things like that. All these by their very nature are not very good. Rajas produces always the tension, stress etc.
Then when you go the sāttvik quality, the superior one, the best, the uttama one, that is born out of knowledge. You will find, it also carries the best of happiness, abiding happiness, then purity and serenity. All these are more applicable to the mind than to the body.
Now, Krishna making an analysis says,
Yat-tad-agre viṣamiva pariṇāme amṛtopamam. He has used very strong words. Whatever course is like poison in the beginning but nectar in the end. So in the experience, in the activity, in whatever you do, it may appear to be very, very poisonous. Poison is by its very nature is bad and killing.
Pariṇāme amṛtopamam. But if you are wise enough, sustaining enough, qualitative enough to persist, withstand the provocations and the like, then you will find, that inner quality will overcome all the outer assaults. That is the law of nature. It is just like the rabbit and the turtle competing in a race. The rabbit ran very fast but it got tired, after some time stopped and went to sleep. The turtle was crawling, crawling, crawling and that reached faster, first.
Yat-tad-agre viṣamiva pariṇāme amṛtopamam. But in the end you will find whatever was tasting like poison became or becomes nectar.
Tat-sukham sāttvikam proktam. That happiness is the sāttvik sukha.
Ātmabuddhi-prasādajam. That is born out of the deepest level, the inmost level of the human being, from the level called the self, the Ātma, The Paramātmā, the undying, the immortal, the changeless and the imperishable domain within your own personality.
I think every one of you will do well to keep this in mind. The Ashram is always speaking about and propagating about the sattva-guṇa and the necessity to become sāttvik in our thoughts, in our words, in our actions. And the sāttvik quality is such that there may be many occasions when it will appear to be poisonous. But you will find, if you are able to sustain and assimilate all kinds of input, then you will find you will be taken to a beautiful level of sattva like nectar. It is better, it is necessary to remember this standard style. This is the way the world is constructed, made and governed. In course of time, the ramas and the rajas will fall and sattva alone will prevail.
In civilization also this is right. Any civilization which strives to make progress violating many principles of goodness and virtue, they may get civilized you will find, but that civilization will not last long. In Russia, it was under a black curtain. Ultimately what happened I was told the statues of Lenin were demolished and uprooted within a few years after his death. Who put them and who removed them? So whose statues will remain in the hearts and minds of people, there is a law about it. That law is we are speaking. Just like physical laws are there, chemical laws are there, bio-physical, bio-chemical, biological laws are there, there is deeper down governing the mind, intelligence, and heart of people, there is law called the spiritual law. That spiritual law alone relates to our mind and intelligence and heart. That is where this pronouncement becomes absolutely valid.
Harih Om Tat sat. Jai Guru.Jai Guru.