I think you should read, those of people, those of you who have jealousy should read it (Sabha parva of Mahabharatam). Duryodhana's jealousy, and what all it brought about. Read it a thousand times. Let the emotion called jealousy in your mind blaze forth and subside. Treat it with the viveka that is required. This is exactly like Rāsa Krīda being read by passionate people several times so that the passion will subside and they will become free. I think this is a wonderful book, a text, all of you should try to know what it is. All our mind's problems are dealt with and sublimational process is also offered, because it comes to you as a beautiful, divine epic.
|Listen to Prabhaata-rashmih Audio|
Harih Om Tat Sat. Jai Guru. Jai Guru.
The Kurukshetra war precipitated, not as a sudden unexpected event. But it was the culmination, the indispensable culmination of the cruelty and intolerance on the side of Duryodhana and his brothers on the one hand, and the tolerance and righteousness which were the vaunt of Yudhishthira and the rest. Somehow or other, they happened to be cousin brothers living in the same palace under the guidance and tuition of the same grandfather. If in Ramayana, Kaikeyi lent herself to corruption in the hands of Manthara and she was a single individual as against her the four brothers stood together with amazing friendship and the brotherly bond. Kaikeyi's corruption could not percolate into anyone including her son. So it was very simple. Bharatha sternly refused to do what his mother asked him to do illustrating how an adult son should behave even in front of the mother and father.
We have got a custom and a tradition which says that the children should be obedient to the parents, obedient to the parents, obedient to the parents. For what? Can they become obedient to the parents when the parents are wrong, they are absolutely harmful and their thoughts, words and deeds are absolutely mischievous and destructive to the balance and well-being of the society? To become an adult is to think independently and take stand in all the matters. We must have difference of opinion always and the difference is good. In spite of the difference of opinion we must be able to coexist. But, when it comes to a question of threatening the very rhythm and order of the human society and the world, I think nobody will be able to barter whatever he considers to be right and proper. The definition is very simple. Whatever is harmful to oneself and the others is improper and whatever is helpful and rewarding to oneself and the others alike is the noble. This is the simple definition of Dharma in a functional manner.
Now, when it came to the Dwapara Yuga after the passage of Treta Yuga, the society had declined drastically, drastically. The human society will never remain like rocky mountain. It's always subject to vibrant changes. The changes can only be from goodness, super goodness to the decline into badness and when you reach the top most level of the worst, then you have to swing to the good. This is the only way the society can swing. From Treta Yuga - the swing started from Krita Yuga, and in Dwapara Yuga you find, in the ruling community, the ruling dynasty itself, on the one side stood hundred and odd people and on the other, only five, one by twentieth. And the smaller number found themselves riveted to righteousness and its compulsions. They were prepared to go to any extent of tolerance with a view to vindicate themselves and uphold the place of righteousness. On the other hand the Duryodhana team, one hundred of them all, decided to walk the wrong and destructive path. Duryodhana was intolerant, intolerant, un-forbearing of whatever the other brothers wanted, he was never prepared to concede.
I started reading Sabha Parvam (of Mahabharata) yesterday very late. I was reading it at the lightening speed. It was about 12:20 by the time I completed the reading. At the instance of Ma, I wanted to read a particular portion of Vikarna. There I was going through the episode of the dice play and finally Yudhishthira staking one after the other, himself, then Shakuni goading him up to stake Draupadi. The description Yudhishthira gives about Draupadi is very, very touching. When he was staking the others, he only used one verse, but to describe Draupadi he uses three or four verses. “I stake”, he said, staked and Shakuni declared, “I have won.” Then the whole confusion and the trouble started. Instantly Duryodhana said, “Go and bring her here.” Many things happened. She was having her monthly period. Somehow or the other Yudhishthira sent a message, “Come to the assembly wearing a single dress and when you are being assaulted and ill-treated, the entire assembly will come to know how wrong, cruel, and intolerant the other people are.” This message was sent. When Pratikami went first and announced that she (Draupadi) had become a slave, a dāsi of Kauravas, she asked, “How?”
“Because you were staked.”
“The King had nothing else to stake?”
“No. He staked everything, all belongings, then the brothers one after the other. He staked himself and lost. And then he staked you. ”
“Go and verify, what was the order of staking.”
He came and confirmed, and she said, “No. I have not become a slave of the Kauravas.”
Then Duhshasana was sent and Duhshasana started pulling her hair.
Can you imagine? I think you should read these things, to which extent can human cruelty within one's own family can rise to. And in a large assembly, supporting this incident, there would be a number of people. There, it was a super majority who supported Duryodhana as it is happening in our parliament now. Then, Duhshasana started dragging and dragging, Draupadi started asserting, not pleading, asserting. She raised the question. Ultimately, no answer was there. Bhishma acknowledged the dispute, acknowledged the question, the challenge. But he says, “I cannot give a reply". What is this? "But Yudhishthira himself has done it. So he should himself say.”
Now, when he finally started pulling the sari, she started crying aloud, crying aloud in distress, ‘Krishna, Hare, Hari’, and all that. And ultimately, what happened? The dress was getting heaped there. He was pulling and pulling and pulling and in the assembly there was a terrible heap of Draupadi's dress. But she was not disrobed at all. It says that Krishna sanctioned this wonderful miraculous episode. But the matter did not end up there. Trouble continued. This assembly kept quiet. There were many people who felt that if we opened our mouth Duryodhana will not like it. He may be enraged again. So for the fear of Duryodhana many people did not talk.
Then Vikarna started speaking, one of the Duryodhana brothers, that, “Draupadi has not become our slave. You are wrong in thinking so. An enslaved King has no right over anything. Because Yudhishthira had already lost, he had no right to stake Draupadi at all. She is independent.”
Then Karna interfered and said, “No, you are a young man. What are you trying to speak about? The entire assembly is keeping quiet. That means they agree with whatever is taking place.”, and he started speaking many things and finally said, “This Draupadi does not deserve any consideration. She already has five husbands. Only a lady with a husband can be considered a lady and she deserves respect and regard. She is already a fallen lady. Whether she comes with a single dress or whether she comes with no dress, it matters little.” Then he told Duhshasana, “Get their clothes of all the brothers as well as Draupadi.” Immediately the brothers took away their uttareeyam and kept it there openly on the stage. Many, many things happened. He started pulling the dress. She fell. And she started raising, “Get an answer for me. Give me an answer. You are a respectable assembly. You know many things. My question, my question, my question.”
Meanwhile, Bhima got so angry that he said (to Yudhishtira), “Because of your dice play, you started moving your hand with the dices, all this has happened. I will burn both your hands. Get me fire.” he shouted, Bhima.
Then Arjuna interferes and then says, “No, no, no. You should not do it”, etc. He was consoled.
He said that, “I'm very happy you prevented me otherwise I would have burned Yudhishthira's hands.”
Ultimately, Duryodhana said, “You tell us very clearly whether Yudhishthira is still your head and the Lord? Give me an answer. If you say he is not, I will release all of you.”
Then Arjuna said...
Just imagine, this is the land of Dharma. After all, they are assaulting Draupadi on the basis of a right which they have got. Not that they have got, they have been given graciously by Yudhishthira graciously by Yudhishtira, though under the provocation which he was not able to overcome for playing the dice. The entire assembly agreed that it was a false play. Shakuni was a mischief-maker.
Arjuna said, “Till the King lost himself, he was our leader and head. After he lost himself, we don't know. You have to decide whether he is our leader or not.”
So much took place, and Draupadi was still being pulled and pushed. Then there was the whole pandemonium. Dhritarashtra could not see but he was hearing and there were a number of evil omens. Bhishma said, “I am not able to give you an answer, but I know very clearly all these people will be ruined and destroyed. Everything will be destroyed.”
Meanwhile Duryodhana, incited also by Karna’s speech, he started pulling his dress from the left thigh and showing it to Draupadi he started beating on the right thigh. And all the people or many people started shouting hilariously at that time, complimenting Duryodhana. All these things happened. Now because of the evil omens which were reported to Dhritarashtra, he called them and said, “You are the best of my daughters-in-law. You are a very good person. You are not a slave or anybody. I want to give you a boon. Ask for it.”
She said, “I want my moral husband, who is an embodiment of morality, Yudhishthira, to be freed. Otherwise my son will be called a Dāsa-putra, which I don't want.”
He was very pleased. “Okay, let it be.” He offered a second boon. By that she got redemption for the rest of the four. Then he offered a third boon. That third boon Draupadi refused to accept. “Greed is not good at all and a woman like me, a Kshatriya woman is entitled only for two boons. Three are meant for another and many are meant for the Brahmanas.”
Then Yudhishthira said to the blind king, “Now tell us, what is it that you want? I shall do as you say.”
He said, “You are a very good person, a very righteous person. Only when you start ruling the kingdom there will be peace and welfare. Go and rule the kingdom. Have enough of prosperity. Go.”
And that is the way the whole dispute ended. The Sabha Parvam is something that you have to read well. There, for making the dhootagriha Duryodhana was completely humiliated. He was taken and shown Indraprastha palace which Yudhishthira had made. So much of prosperity was there. He was being shown around. At some place he went, thinking that the place had water, so much of polish was there on the floor. So he lifted his dhoti, some people started laughing. At another place he thought it was dry, so he went there, it was full of water. So he got drenched. He was going here and there. He started walking, thinking that there is a lot of space further. But there was a plain glass. So he dashed against the glass, felt injured. Another place - the opposite. So the architectural excellences are also described there. From then on Duryodhana says, “I cannot live at all. I cannot stand so much of prosperity for Yudhishthira. My enemies are prospering and I am languishing. So I don't want to live. I will die, die, die.” Shakuni consoled him saying that, “I know the game of dice and nobody can defeat me. Let us make a game palace- a dice palace and invite him, Yudhishthira would come.” Dhritarashtra would not agree to give consent. Finally he consented and a dice palace was made. Yudhishthira was invited and he came, all these things happened.
I think you should read, those of people, those of you who have jealousy should read it. Duryodhana's jealousy, and what all it brought about. Read it a thousand times. Let the emotion called jealousy in your mind blaze forth and subside. Treat it with the viveka that is required. This is exactly like Rāsa Krīda being read by passionate people several times so that the passion will subside and they will become free. I think this is a wonderful book, a text, all of you should try to know what it is. All our mind's problems are dealt with and the sublimational process is also offered, because it comes to you as a beautiful, divine epic.
Hari Om Tat Sat. Jai Guru.