In BG 6.33, Arjuna confesses that in spite of Krishna’s excellent exposition on “evenness” of the mind (samatva), he is unable to comprehend this even state because of the restlessness of his mind. Krishna accepts his confession as quite common and true of every human being. But, Krishna says, there is a Way – “Abhyaasa” and “Vairaagya” (BG 6.35). Abhyaasa means assiduous practice. Practising what? Practising to remain anchored in our real identity. And Vairaagya means to get rid of the delusional clinging and hatred by cultivating impersonality and impartiality.
From birth, our focus is outward, running after the external variety. The mind, being always attracted to or repelled by an infinite variety of ever-changing objects and objective situations, remains restless. It is always pulled away from the inmost identity, the Soul, by the centrifugal force generated by our attraction and repulsion towards the objects. To remain self-seated, we have to counter this centrifugal force by generating sufficient centripetal force.
Association of Knowers, practice of meditation, spiritual study and contemplation, constant purification of our bhaava (mindset) while interacting with the world, etc. consist of the “abhyaasa” generating the centripetal force to keep us anchored to our real identity.
Simultaneously, to reduce the centrifugal force pulling us outward, we have to loosen our bonds of attraction and repulsion (raaga-dvesha, desire-hatred) towards world situations. We have to see the world as it is; we have to see ourselves as we are. And that is what is meant by “vairaagya”.
Simultaneous operation of these two will quieten our mind, will make us master of our mind.