"Devotion is a means as well as its true end when it grows into a full treasure. When devotion becomes a treasure, you will need nothing more for inner fullness or affluence. As devotion grows, it will begin to free you of all desire, hatred and fear. It will relieve poverty, either by making you amply resourceful or by taking away from you the very feeling of poverty. Devotion also will remove your weakness, generating untold strength and confidence."

The Guiding force of Narayanashrama Tapovanam & Center for Inner Resources Development

Swami Bhoomananda Tirtha

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<< Chapter 9 Verse 10 >>
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मयाऽध्यक्षेण प्रकृतिः सूयते सचराचरम् ।
हेतुनाऽनेन कौन्तेय जगद्विपरिवर्तते ।। ९.१० ।।

mayādhyakṣeṇa prakṛtiḥ sūyate sa-carācaram |
hetunānena kaunteya jagad-viparivartate || 9.10 ||

     

Referring to all these in three verses (9.7-9), Krishna makes a summary statement:

मयाऽध्यक्षेण प्रकृतिः सूयते सचराचरम् ।
हेतुनाऽनेन कौन्तेय जगद्विपरिवर्तते ।।

Nature, presided over by the Supreme, gives birth to the mobile and immobile existence. By this does the world go on cyclically.

That there is a single president, lording over the multi-potent, multi-pronged Nature and its endless manifestations, is the significant point every seeker has to grasp. But for this supreme Presidency, the whole creational display would never have been. It could not have emerged, prevailed, forming itself into cycles – huge or big, small or minute – as we find around.

The words ‘president’ and ‘presiding’, have to be properly understood. It is not like the presidency, humanity installs and is governed by in one form or another. The Cosmic Presidency is an inseparable quality, condition or character, like the axle on a flywheel. That axle is the one to impart motion to the wheel.

The transcendental Supreme unleashes Nature, assuming its presidency and makes it (Nature) bring forth all the display, with the cyclicness of each and the whole. Unless such a mutuality coupled with an overallness is there, the world would not be able to exist affording viability and reliance.

The whole jagat, world, continues to revolve, says Krishna, only because of this Presidency of the Supreme. The entire universe revolves on a central axis, and this is what makes it sustainable, giving rise to a host of smaller and bigger cycles. The phrase jagad-viparivartate is to be specially noted. This means the jagat is revolving. Revolvingness alone will enable, empower and preserve the cyclic vyavastha. If it were only parivartana (change, transformation), as opposed to viparivartana (revolving course), then it would be impossible for the world to be at all.

We have the same earth, air, seas, the sun, stars and the rest. All of them continue to be the same, and yet the world constituents are in constant motion. This ceaseless movement is the process gifted by viparivartana, cyclic motion.

In order to empower this cyclic movement, the source and cause must remain invariant, right within what moves. Krishna also concludes this part of his great exposition with a more explicit reference to the same truth. He says: The Supreme, remaining in the heart of all beings, revolves them all, as if seated in a yantra, vehicle (18.61).

Unique dimension of the Knower

Having explained the nature and course of the world, Krishna shifts to the source of this understanding, wherein the place and distinction of the human personality become prominent. That there is a Supreme and this is the way Creation is linked to it; that the Supreme holds everything in its position and prevalence, etc. are not findings or pronouncements coming from the Supreme. The Supreme is not a ‘physical personal aggregate’, like the living beings.

The only locus that can probe into, voice the principles and fundamental truths about existence, positing the concepts of the ‘Supreme’, is the human being. On discovering the presence of the Supreme, man himself has to become the representative or incarnation of the Supreme and then speak with a sovereign note. This means that only those who are able to perceive this Truth through enquiry and investigation, can assume the role of the Supreme’s protagonists. Krishna is one such. There were and will be others too. Vasishtha, Valmiki and Kapila are some of the luminaries in this horizon.

This is so, because in the human there exists a layer, a level or a dimension within the body, where this ultimate enquiry and discovery is possible, like the sight of colours is possible for the eyes, and sound for the ears.