A scientist does experiment and analysis with objects and objective situations. Normally, if the scientist is unbiased in his observation and analysis, he should be able to get at the right results. Because the objects or the objective situations have nothing to do with the scientist’s personality or ego, it is expected that he will generally be unbiased in his observation and analysis.
But it is not always so. It has been found that when the results of the analysis determine the fate of the scientist (his reputation, promotion or other prospects), he often makes colossal mistakes. Sometimes unknowingly, because of wishful thinking, he arrives at wrong results that may apparently suit his prospects. And sometimes knowingly, because of desire or greed, he suppresses the truth. Otherwise, may be years of hard work would prove fruitless, or his reputation would be falsified.
So, when the ego gets involved, even a scientist loses the objectivity of his observation and he may fail to arrive at the truth, or 'accept' the truth, although the objective truth does not directly relate to his character or personality.
Then what to speak of the observation and analysis related to our own mind, character and personality that are part and parcel of our ego? We refuse to accept the bad qualities, failures and insufficiencies in us. Often we do not even like to see the good qualities in others. Ego clouds our mind and intelligence making our observations biased.
A spiritual saadhaka has to look at himself as impersonally as a good scientist looks at his experimental object. He has to hold his thoughts and actions right in front and observe them as he would inspect an object. The observation and analysis must not get coloured by whether these thoughts and actions are his own or of others. The conclusion should be the same in either case.
Is it easy? It means, as we are now commenting on or criticizing others’ failures, so we must be able to deal with our own too. As we delight over the praiseworthy qualities in ourselves, so we must over others’. Virtues found in anybody anywhere should give us delight. Suppose you observe the bad behaviour of another. If there is slightest feeling of happiness in finding the other persons qualities are not good, then it is jealousy, then we are not spiritual seekers.
When we are able to look at our own good and bad qualities as we do at those of others, we attain the impersonality and the universality of the Soul, our personality being only one of the millions manifested by the One Soul – our own Self. We are not able to do it because of our ego. The right interactional attitude helps us transcend the constrictions of our ego.
This is what Poojya Swamiji means by “Interactional Saadhana” that leads us to the realization of the Self.