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Harih Om Tat Sat. Jai Guru. Jai Guru.
We have a very good and age-old culture. When we say we have a culture, the cultural elements are sufficiently expressed and are practiced; they are in vogue even now. Otherwise we cannot say we have a culture. I may say we had a culture. So our cultural expression is still there in the country. Any kind of a culture will get formed, instituted and will become vibrant and current in any society only when the culture has been evolved as a matter of knowledge. You must be able to speak about it, enable others to practice it, pursue it. So somewhere that communication, explanation and exposure are necessary. So every culture gets formed in the intelligence and mind of an individual or a group. That is why the definition of culture runs in this manner. Art and other manifestations of the intellectual achievement of a society regarded collectively, a refined understanding of these. See they have put two words there - ‘intellectual achievement’. Any achievement of the intelligence will have to be in the way of knowledge and to evolve a culture the intelligence will have to enquire, investigate, examine, evaluate and arrive at some discoveries. It cannot be avoided. So our culture is primarily in the way of a wisdom, assessment and evaluation. And therefore the culture could be explained and also transmitted and bequeathed to people. This kind of a transmission has taken place for countless number of generations in this country. They are presented in the form of writing, and there are striking illustrations also for this cultural transmission, cultural imbibing and cultural benefits and fruition.
Devotion is also part of this culture. In as much as culture has its roots in wisdom and intelligence, devotion also must have its roots in our intelligence and mind. Unfortunately our devotees do not recognize this fact. I think the delusion and distortion will continue to be there. We can only make our efforts to deal with them and to set right the thinking of the people. I will quote two or three instances how this culture works. First is in the Kurukshetra battlefield when Arjuna came after thirteen years of preparation, resolve. Right after the war cries had already been raised when Krishna took the chariot at Arjuna’s own bidding and stationed it in front of Bheeshma and Drona, Arjuna simply crumbled. Who is there to deal with the crumbling? Krishna was a charioteer. Remaining in that position when fulfilling the role of a charioteer he started exhorting Arjuna, pointing out the defect and deficiency in his thinking and expression.
Now you tell me when two people talk what will transpire? The speaker will convey some ideas, some knowledge. The hearer will hear them and will get knowledgeable more and more. This is what transpired in the battlefield. Arjuna crumbled and said, “I shall not fight.” Krishna questioned it and said, “This is not right.” Then why and how were the enquiries of Arjuna. So that emotional crumbling in a matter of seconds ceased and Arjuna’s intelligence took over and it became an enquiry. Suddenly Arjuna started saying, “I am completely scorched by grief. Remove it and make me joyous and jubilant. Then only I shall be able to take my weapons and fight.” See, in the battlefield of Kurukshetra Arjuna says, “Unless my grief is removed means unless I am made pleasant and joyous I will not be able to fight this war.”
So the question became dealing with the grieved, aggrieved mind and making it joyful. What in this world can do this mission except knowledge dealt with by the intelligence and transmitted to the intelligence? So it became a knowledge dialogue explaining the cultural thoughts and the cultural findings of our country. Krishna did not say anything new, he only had his manner and adaptation in the presentation of the ideas. But the thoughts were already there. At the end of the conversation Arjuna said, “I am illumined. All my problem is over. I have become stable. I shall fight not one, a dozen wars.” Tell me. This is the culture of our land. You may ask any number of questions. You may try any number of things. Ultimately it is a question of the intelligence assimilating the wisdom transmitting into the mind and the mind’s behavior corresponds to what it has received from the intelligence. Just imagine the situation. Many of you are poor in your imagination. The crumbled Arjuna got up, took the bow and arrow, fought for eighteen days. It was not an easy war. (4.5 million warriors – 10) were killed. While eleven akshauhinis of Duryodhana were killed seven akshauhinis of Pandavas army were also killed. It was not an easy affair. There was a lot of loss, a lot of bereavement. The sight after the war also was not easy. For the first time in the history of this country, lakhs and lakhs of women widowed under the leadership of Yudhishtira stepped down to Bhageerathi river to perform udhaka- kriya for the departed souls. Who will be happy to see such a sight? The illumined man will be happy, just see. Their husbands have died and they are trying to offer them the oblations, ceremonial oblations. There was a lot of sublimity in the whole thing. But it was a sorrowful scene. This is our culture. This culture is rooted in our intelligence to be transmitted to the mind, to be reflected in the behavior and responses of the people. One.
We have another instance where Uddhava also had crumbled and Krishna spoke to him. At the end of it Uddhava says, “I have understood. Please tell me what I am to do.” He said, “Leave me and go.”, and Uddhava did it. Very sorrowfully though.
Pareekshit is another instance where he was under the clutches of death. Suka muni arrived there. He also started speaking to, speaking to, speaking to, Pareekshit heard, questioned, sought more information. At the end of it he says, “My fear is gone. My doubts are gone. I now get away from the world. My embodiment it is going to stop.”
Now this is our culture. We do have some acharas and anushtanas. They are only preliminaries, preliminaries, preliminaries helpful to leading you to, unless the mind becomes active and the intelligence becomes vibrant and there is a close harmony and unison between the emotional mind and the rational intelligence over the prop provided by the immortal soul, I don’t think anybody in this world can make meaning of life. People say that bhakthi, bhakthi, what is this bhakthi? This bhakthi is rooted in the mind. And in order to make it well rooted the intelligence will have to deal with all obstacles, challenges and explain God properly so that the devotee understands he can never get away from God, he is surrounded by God, penetrated by God and he can never be dislodged from Him. That is the fruition of bhakthi. There again it is resting upon the mind and the intelligence of people. I wish at least a few of you will understand it. Your focus has to be on the mind, and the intelligence has to provide the right knowledge and right impetus to the mind. And unless your intelligence is activated, to set right the mind, make it, make it humble, ecstatic, fulfilled, fearless, contented there is no progress anywhere at all. It is in this context that the satsang becomes important and imperative.
Harih Om Tat Sat. Jai Guru.